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ZHANG.txt ver.2.02 2003.Nov.
original txt is--
"Chinese Folklore--Peiping Rhymes with English Translatiom"
edited and translated by 張則之(Kinchen Johnson)
issued in 1932 by 商業印書局
compared and corrected with--
"Chinese Folklore--First Series--Peiping Nursery Rhymes with
selectiones compiled by 陳子實.
1st issued in Sept.1968 by 大中國圖書公司 in Taipei.
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IRIZ-Zentools new2old.exe by HANAZONO University
and Konjyaku-Mojikyo Character Map ver.3.10
by HOSHINO TAKASHI(on the NET,call me,CHARLIE ZHANG)
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ABOUT THE ORIGINAL TEXT
"CHINESE FOLKLORE---PEIPING RHYMES"(also printed in the colophon "PEIPING RHYMES with ENGLISH TRANSLATION") was issued in 1932.
The contents of this book were almost cited from early collections which already edited. Their numbers and source texts I have found were as follows
whole 214 contents--
121 contents were from "Chines Folklore--Pekinese Rhymes" by Guido A.Vitale 1896(Ｖ000-000 in text)
23 contents were from "Chinese Mother Goose Rhymes" by I.T.Headland 1900(CMG000-000)
64 contents were from 『北平歌謠集』1928 and,『北平歌謠續集』1930 by 李雪如(平 or 続000-000)
6 contents were from 劉復(劉半農)編訂 「謌謠選」『北京大學日刊』1918-1919
Much of their differ between this book's version and original text were not more than a letter, one phrases or so. Especially, many contents which cited from Vitale's one were almost agreed even with their translations. And the changes by the editor were sometimes only for the sake to proper for the grammar, and he would not consider those works along the process of the folklore.
So I could not regard this book as a "collection" which collected and edited by himself. And I look upon those contents only as "referential" case which must be added some comments.
But many articles and books by Chinese students,often cited the songs from this book. So, the influence of this book are not at least. But no one referred to each careers of reproduction and problems on each text. Now I have input those as a data and compared each cases with those in the source texts. And commented them at the end of each cases.
Jan.2002. I got a copy of『北平童謠選輯』by 陳子實. He said in his preface, "the part of English translations" of this book were compiled from "Kinchen Johnson's collection". But when compared tthem, we saw the editor done was only the selection and cut of the songs from original one. Not the "part" but the "whole". actually, the Chinese verses, translations, even the order of the songs and mis-translations were almost same as those in "Johnson's collection". Certainly he had not done any text critiques on his edition.
But this book also seen as a referenced book in the many collections and articles by students. So,I added results of comparation of those books in my notes.
No mark at the front of serial numbers could be seen as simply quotations. But the verses marked with ●, should not be thought to good for refer in your articles.
張000-000 ／＝ 張則之 cited-- ser.no.-pages
陳000-000 ／＝ 陳子實 cited again-- se.no.-pages
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--- Formats for the "digital uta-moku"---
・ The marks and numbers at the head of the each verses are
serial numbers by reproducer.
・ One 2bytes blank is inserted between these marks and body
of each verses.
・ Sometimes two 2bytes blanks will be inserted among the body.
they means the punctuations of verses which specially remarks
in the source text
◎ individual cases, or have not been found their source texts.
○ quotations, or cases already seen in other texts prior.
● cases have some problems on its verses.
・ source texts which had already arrangemented or reproduced
were expressed by the shorter marks by reproducer. And
mentioned in each comments.
／ punctuation points of line in the original text.
[ ] additional words by reproducer.
・ especially, [ / ] or [ | ] were expressed the letters
which could not found and supplised by Mojikyo-code,
and analysed the letter by its factors, means
[ left | right ], [ upper / lower].
[* ] comment or illustration by reproducer.
・ Two blank lines were inserted between cases.
・ One blank line was inserted between the items.
・ One line was inserted between the body of each cases and
comments about the its body.
・ Unification of letter style should see my "UNIFIED.txt".
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Compiled and translated
Teacher of Peking National Normal University, compiler of A Col-
lection of Sino-English Translations, translator of Wordsworth's
Poetical Works, Twenty-seven Best Short Stories, and One Hund-
red Famous Poems.
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Folklore, or literature of the peasant class, the translator thinks, has now become a science and possesses an inestimable value for the elucidation of the social history of mankind. With a view to bringing to light the social life of the Chinese people this little book has been published. A part of the translator's time after class work has been devoted to collecting folk-songs. As a result he has succeeded in compiling and translating two hundred and fourteen. The materials this booklet contains are confined to those rhymes sung in Peking, because Peking, the ancient capital of many dynasties, is a place where there are more nursery rhymes than can be found in any other part of the country. Great care has been taken in selecting from the materials collected for this purpose those which are the most important, valuable, instructive, amusing, interesting, and touching. Most of the rhymes refer to insects, animals, birds, persons especially children, food, parts of the body, actions, professions, trades and business. By reading these rhymes one can gain a better knowledge of the home life, social conditions and civilization of the past of this ancient nation.
Although it has not been an easy task to reproduce the exact meaning of the original, the translator has done his best to keep intact the meaning and spirit of the original. It is to be understood that these rhymes have not been translated into verse, but common prose, because it is nearly impossible to express them in meter without damaging their meaning and spirit. So in order to be true the Chinese original, prose is preferred.
The compilation and translation of this book was rendered much easier by the work done by Baron Vitale of the Italian Legation in Peking.
Peiping, March 1st, 1932.
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(1) MISTRESS CHANG
Mistress Chang and Mistress Li have gone to the southern slope, to gather bean-pods. One of them felt a pain in her bosom, and ran home. She pulled off the kang-mat, spread dry grass on the kang, and bore a child. She called him Tou Pao. Tou Pao has opened a shop he sells bread and flour.
[* cited from Ｖ014-023. English trans.:flower＞flour．／＝陳001-001.]
(2) THE SUN HAS COME OUT LIKE A RED SPOT
The sun has come out like a red spot. My teacher rides on a horse and I on a dragon. The teacher riding on the horse goes along the streets I riding on the dark dragon cross over to the east of the sea. At the East of the sea there lives my family. In my family they cultivate five pots of flowers. My first sister likes the red peony my second sister likes the tree peony my third sister likes the petals of the peach blossom my fourth sister likes the large lotus blossoms. There is the fifth sister who has nothing she may like, and does not think of other but of becoming a nun. The women in the monastic life live very happily indeed: firstly they do not suffer the vexations of father and mother-in-law secondly they do not suffer a husband's maltreatment thirdly they do not bear children and fourthly they live freely and in a condition of blissful peace.
[* cited from Ｖ015-025. ／●陳002-002：＞剩下五姐無的愛→剩下五姐沒的愛＞.I have not yet seen a variation which said the phrase as "沒的愛".]
(3) THE GIRL OF THE WANG FAMILY
The girl of the Wang family and boy of the Li family, when they have grown up, have become wife and husband. With trumpets blowing and drums beating, they enter the bridal chamber. After three days, she pays respects to her father and mother-in-law. The father-in-law says: "A good daughter-in-law!" The mother-in-law says "A termagant!" The father-in-law says: "Live carefully!" The mother-in-law says "There are many bad things." (The wife says)"I, the termagant, will not live in your home bad things I will not do in your house. You had better write a bill of divorce to get rid of me."
[* Perhaps cited from 続195-092 with some changes.＞悍婆娘→悍娘婆，寫張休書去了吧→寫張休書去了我＞. The 1st case is seen as a simply error of this editor, but the second case can not be thought as so. Would it be suggested for a further variation? ／＝●陳003-004.]
(4) SHE LOOKS SO UGLY
She looks so ugly! She looks so ugly! She cannot do work she does not know how to brush pans she eats eight big millet puddings for one meal she eats much more than her husband: she can eat, clothe, but not work. She is much inferior to my daughter. It is entirely because her mamma can not educate her, that she leaves this good-for-nothing.
[* Perhaps cited from 続196-093 with a change＞全是婆婆不會養→全是媽媽不會養＞. ／＝●陳004-005]
(5) YELLOW DOG, YELLOW DOG, LOOK AFTER THE HOUSE.
Yellow dog, yellow dog, look after the house. I go towards the south to pluck plum-blossoms. I have not yet plucked a single plum-blossom, two persons arrrive at the house. My son's wife knows how to stretch out dough. She takes the roller and stretches a large slice of dough. She takes the knife and cuts vermicelli as thin as thread then she puts them in the cooking-pan, and they turn conglomerated about. Afterwards she puts them down in the bowls and they look like petals of the lotus blossom. She fills one bowl for her father-in-law, one bowl for her mother-in-law, and two half-bowls for her sisters-in-law. She hides one bowl under the dough-board. The cat comes over and licks the bowl the dog comes over and has broken the bowl the mice come over and gnaw the bowl. The house-wife is so scared that she stares vacantly. "Wife, wife, where do you sleep?" "I sleep in the stove-pit." "What have you for bedding?" "I have for bedding a goat's skin." "What have you for coverlet?" "I have a dog's skin." "What have you for pillow?" "I have a linen beater." The father-in-law takes in his hands a pile of bricks, the mother-in-law holds in her hands a row of whips, and they beat the wife so that she runs away as quickly as a stream of smoke.
[* cited from Ｖ011-017. ／＝陳005-006.]
(6) THE SMALL CABBAGE
Like the small cabbage which has become yellow and dry on the ground, at the age of seven or eight years, I lost my mother. I lived so well near my father only I was afraid that he would take another wife. He took one just after three years. She had given me a brother who is more worthy than I, because he eats the food, I only may pour the gravy on my rice. Weeping and wailing I think of my own mother.
[* cited from Ｖ013-022 with an error＞養了個兄弟比我強→養了兄弟比我強＞. There were many variations have lost the letter of 了 in the same phrase as 生個弟弟，養個弟弟 or 有個弟弟 but no case was lost the 個 as this case. ／＝●陳006-008.]
(7) RAKE THE ROOTS AND DVIDE THEM INTO TWO PARTS
Rake the roots and divide into two parts. In the middle of the road there comes a little student. He rides on a spotted horse to visit his father-in-law. His father and mother-in-law are not at home. He opens the door and catches sight of her (his future wife). Her pink cheeks are like peach blossoms. She has small bound feet she has cherry lips and her teeth are as white as rice. (He says) I go home and tell my parents that I will marry her at once.
[* cited from 続174-081. originally have doubt as which the song did not collected in Peking. see my note of CMG115-127,続174-081,or『看見她』by 董作賓.／＝陳007-009.]
(8) ON THE HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS A NEST OF CHICKENS
On the high mountain there is a nest of chickens. He is not filial to his mother, but only loves his wife. His mother wants to eat bread (he says) he has no money to buy it. His wife wants to eat pears, then he goes to the fair with a basket on his back. He has bought more than ten. He sits astride on the door-stone to peel the pears. He calls out: "My dear wife, my dear wife, eat them quickly, lest the 'old fellow'(his mother) should come and blame you."
[* the version cited in『北平歌謠續集』(1930 続191-091) said the 2nd phrase as "竟愛妻來不孝母". "母" was pronounced as mu3,and "妻" was qi1. If they were compared by their rhymes, 雞 ji1 －妻 qi1 would be better for chant than 雞 ji1 －母 mu3. and a variation cited in 柿崎進『中國の民謠と童謠』(1943)also said the phrase as "不孝母來竟愛妻". But except the words,the changes between two versions were few. Its so feels unnaturally. And the further variation have not ever seen. So I cannot decide the change was a revision by this editor, or was a variation from his memory. ／＝●陳008-010.]
[* cf. 柿崎128-127：山上一窩雞，不孝母來竟愛妻，他娘要喫綠豆糕，他說沒錢去買去，他妻要喫大鴨梨，背着筐子去上集，一買買了十幾個，倒坐門墩去，剝皮叫聲賢妻，你快喫留神，老東西來打攪。]
(9) THE FIRST BALDHEAD GETS SICK
The first baldhead gets sick the second baldhead is scared the third baldhead goes to call a doctor the fourth baldhead boils decoction the fifth baldhead bears the sick one on the shoulders the sixth baldhead buries him the seventh baldhead comes in the eighth baldhead asks "why do you weep?" "In my family a dear baldhead is dead. Quickly take him away, lest the seeds should spring out of his gourd."
[* cited from Ｖ022-036. ／＝陳009-011.]
(10) THE TREE LEAVES ARE DARK
The tree leaves are dark the buds are fresh. I spend a winter with my elder sister. My elder sister covers her bed with a coverlet embroidered with flowers, and I the younger sister cover my bed with a goat skin my elder sister wears a satin overcoat, and I the younger sister wear a worn-out fur overcoat my elder sister wears golden hair-pins, and I the younger sister wear bamboo ear-rings my elder sister rides on a splendid horse, but I the younger sister ride on a forked branch my elder sister leans her feet on silver stirrups, but I the younger sister lean my feet on the wall crevices my elder sister holds in her arms a silver baby, but I the younger sister hold in my arms a scabby toad, which moves a step and then cries kurkua kurkua.
[* cited from Ｖ023-038 with some changes of letters＞呀呀兒英→牙牙兒英＞.／＝陳010-012.]
[* Sorry! This page was losted in my copy.]
[* cited from 続146-069.]
(12) THE RED PEPPER TREE
The red pepper tree has red buds. The girl seventeen years old has become a wife. Her father-in-law beats her her mother-in-law scolds her her sister-in-law comes and speaks ill of her: "Don't be angry, father don't be angry, mother. She has to return to her family tomorrow or day after tomorrow."
[* cited from 続171-080.／＝陳011-013.]
(13) ASH TREES*
Ash trees, ash trees, under the ash trees they have raised a stage. Everybody's girls are come only mine does not come yet. Just while speaking, here she is come, riding on a donkey, with an open parasol, and bare-backed with her hair combed into a chignon.
[* cited from Ｖ018-031. But 槐樹 was not "ash trees"(fraxinus). Nowadays it is called as "Chinese scholar tree" or "Chinese Pagoda tree"(Sophora japonica L.) in the Western garden. This mis-understanding was derived from Vitale's collection.／＝陳012-014.]
(14) THE SMALL SECOND BROTHER
The small second brother eats too much, and when he has finished eating, he beats his wife. The wife is so beaten that she jumps on the window. The window has no bars, and the wife is so beaten that she looks in the mirror. The mirror has no bottom, and the wife is so beaten that she begins to sing. The song has no end, and the wife is so beaten that she plays with the monkey. The monkey has no circle, and she is so beaten that she springs up to the sky.
[* cited from Ｖ019-032.／＝陳013-015.]
(15) WE SAY NINE
If we say nine, we only say nine. The Chienmen towere is nine chang and nine(feet).
[* cited from 続092-049.]
(16) THIS BECOMES SALTISH FROM THAT SIDE
This (salt) becomes saltish from that side this (vinegar) becomes sour from that side. Things that are cut are not so round as those which are worked by turning on the lathe. This red-faced fellow is warm-hearted. The lean donkey with a heavy load goes up the high mountain. When the door is opened every day, seven things are necessary: coal, rice, oil, tea, sauce, vinegar and salt.
[* cited from 続126-061.／＝陳014-016.]
(17) THE OLD BROWN WOMAN
The old brown woman rolls herself all over the ground, scolding because her husband does not buy cosmetic for her. But when he has bought cosmetic then she does not use it, scolding because her husband does not buy hemp for her. But he has bought hemp she does not thrash it, scolding because her husband does not buy a horse. When he has bought a horse, she does not feed it, scolding because her husband does not buy a wardrobe. When he has bought the wardrobe, she does not puts her things there, scolding because her husband has not bought a cord. When he has bought a cord she hangs herself, and frightens her husband nearly to death.
[* cited from Ｖ089-125.／＝陳015-017：＞他→她＞.]
(18) THE LITTLE BOY
The very little boy is round and fat! He wears a gold bracelet on his arm, and wears a red stomach protector and green trousers. On his head he wears a tuft of hair. When he laughs two dimples appear on his cheeks when he walks all his body trembles, and taking the elder sister by the hand, says: elder sister, let us go and buy fruit.
[* cited from Ｖ090-127. ／＝陳016-018.]
(19) YOU GO FOR CONGEE
You go for congee I go for congee. I have no children, so I hold a pillow in my bosom.
[* In 続048-030,the 1st and 2nd phrases were not included the letter of 去. But I cannot decide it was really variation or not, for I have no other variations without these two cases.]
(20) THE BIG PERSIMMON
The big persimmon, the big persimmon, it is red outside and sweet inside. To have parents is as sweet as honey to have no parents is as bitter as gentian.
[* cited from 続082-045. ／＝陳017-019:＞黃連→黃蓮＞.]
(21) THE SMALL PEAR TREE
The small pear-tree has opened its white flowers. To bring to light a small girl, what is the use of it? She begins first to take the scissors and to cut badly the cloth. Then when she has learned to cut the cloth, one must give her up to other people. The father weeps the mother also weeps. The bridegroom comes over to console his mother-in-law, and says: mother-in-law, mother-in-law, do not weep. I have got at home two pecks of grain. We will grind the oats, and boil rice congee with beans, so that your baldheaded daughter shall not be starved to death.
[* cited from Ｖ054-083.／＝陳018-020.]
(22) THE RED TURNIP
The red turnip has crushed sides. I am my grandfather's "own dear flesh and blood." I am my brother's "carnal sister" and I am my sister-in-law's "bundle of wrath." "Grandfather, grandfather, what will you give me at my marriage?" "I will give you a big chest and a big wardrobe." "Grandmother,grandmother,what will you give me?" "I will give you a work basket." "Elder brother,elder brother,what will you give me?" "I will give you a fancy cloth towel." "Sister-in-law, sister-in-law, what will you give me?" "A broken jar and a smashed bottle, and send you, that girl, away to marry a fellow".
[* cited from Ｖ055-084. I can't understand why this editor re-translated "紅葫蘆"(red gourd or red calabash--a plaything, or a sort of guardian charm.)to the "turnip"(morever this mis-translation was succeeded to陳子實 without no revisions in present time.). In Vitale's and Headland's collection, both translation said it as "red pumpkin". ／＝陳019-021.]
(23) THE RICKSHAW PULLER IS HAPPY
The richshaw puller is happy the richshaw puller is happy: his good luck has come that he can easily pass his hard days. From now on he had some new buisiness to do. He has vowed that he will never enter the rickshaw party.
[* cited from 続045-029.]
(24) WHEN THE TRAIN WHISTLES
When the train whistles, the door of the congee shed opens. Little children are given a little old people are given the surface of congee but beautiful women are given full basins.
[* cited from 続047-029.／＝陳020-022.]
(25) THE BRIDAL PROCESSION
The bridal procession passed by the gate. There are twelve "palace lanterns" and "fixed lanterns" banners, gongs, umbrellas, fans are on each side eight musicians produce music. The chair which contains the girl passes on, and brings her as far as her mother-in-law's family house-gate. She enters the door and goes into the bridal room she goes to stay with her young bridegroom. After having married her these five years, there are so many babies and girls that there is no more room in the house for them.
[* cited from Ｖ059-090.／●陳021-023：＞丫頭小子沒處兒擺→丫頭小子沒處兒放＞. but I have not yet seen such a variation.]
(26) THE MAGPIE HAS A LONG TAIL
The magpie has a long tail. After he has taken a wife he no more wants his mother. When his mother wants to eat some cheap cake, then he says there is no idle money to mend willow spoons when his wife wants to eat pears, then he gets ready his ass, and goes to the market. When he bought the pears, he peels them and asks, wife, wife, will you eat pears?
[* Perhaps cited from Ｖ060-092 with a change ＞打了皮→剝了皮＞. But there were some variations have same expression as this.／＝●陳022-024.]
(27) YOU OLD LADY
You old lady, don't be greedy! The new year will come after the 8th day of the 12th moon. Sveral days after you eat the congee of this festival, the 23rd day will come at once. On the 23rd day sugar melons will be served for sacrifice. The 24th day is the day for sweeping the rooms. On the 25th day we fry beancurd on the 26th day we stew mutton on the 27th day we kill fowls on the 28th day we raise the vermicelli on the 29th day we make bread for the whole night of the 30th we keep awake on the first day of the new year we go out and make new year calls: "a happy new year! thank you! My hands are full of dough, so I don't support you. When you reach home, please offer new year congratulations to your parents for me."
[* cited from 続042-026 with a change＞二十八把麵兒&M075500;→二十八把麵醱＞．／＝●陳023-025.]
(28) THE OLD CAT
The old cat, the old cat, she climbs up the tree to pluck peaches. She has plucked two basketfull, and sent them to Old Chang. Old Chang does not receive them she is so angry that she hangs herself. She has not died by hanging she is so angry that she burns paper. The paper does not burn she is so angry that she throws the gourd ladle onto the ground. The ladle does not break she is so angry that she turns the mill. The mill does not turn she is so angry that she cooks food. The food is not well cooked she is so angry that she kills an ox. The ox has no blood she is so angry that she strikes iron. There is no wind in striking iron she is so angry that she strikes the bell. The bell does not ring the old cat is so angry that she cries loudly.
[* cited from 続039-024 with some changes＞氣的拉磨→氣的推磨，拉磨不轉→推磨不轉＞. But there were more variations which make same parts as 推磨 than 拉磨. See also 続057-034,平125-066.／＝●陳024-026.]
(29) THE SMALL-POX-MARKED BOY
The boy much marked with the small-pox climbs up the tree. The dog barks people go to catch him. The small-pox marked is so scared that he stumbles. With an old rugged cash, he buy a sesame cake. A small-pox marked eats, and a small-pox marked looks on. The small-pox marked come to fight, and a small-pox marked advises peace. Small-pox marked policemen take the bamboo stick, and only thrash the anus of the small-pox marked boy.
[* Whole words agreed except the last phrase with Ｖ007-012＞單打麻子的麻腿子(legs)→單打麻子的屁股眼子(anus)＞. A variation was cited in 歌1-32,6, which was seen the last phrase was simular as this case "…打倒麻子的屁股眼". This case suggested that further variation was chanted, but I think the verses would not beyond the reconstruction by the editor. So,I couldn't recognize it as a variation. ／＝陳025-027.]
(30) WHO IS GOING TO PLAY WITH ME?
Who is going to play with me? Strike the flint-steel. The flint-steel takes fire, sell sweet melons the sweet melons are bitter, sell bean cheese the bean cheese is spoiled, boil eggs in tea. In the shell of the egg, of the egg, there is sitting the elder brother. The elder brother goes out to buy provisions inside there sits the grandmother. The grandmother goes out to burn incense, and burns her nose and her eyes.
[* Whole words agreed except the 3rd phrase with Ｖ008-014.＞火鎌兒燒→火鎌花＞. A variation which has the same phrase was already cited in 平080-039, and afterwards in 歌2-1,5(1936.4.4)「兒歌的唱法」(徐芳). I think this case was also inside of a reconstruction. ／＝●陳027-030.]
(31) MENTION ONE
Mention one, mention one, what flower opens in the water? The lotus flower opens in the water. Mention two, mention two, what flower looks like a stick? The leek flower looks like a stick. Mention three, mention three, what flower opens by the roadside? The caltrop flower opens by the roadside. Mention four, mention four, what flower is full of thorns? The flower of cucumber is full of thorns. Mention five, mention five, what flowers open in bunches? The grape flowers open in bunches. Mention six, mention six, what flower is like a dish of meat? The hollyhock is like a dish of meat. Mention seven, mention seven, what flower looks like the cock? The amaranth looks like the cock. Mention eight, mention eight, what flower opens like a trumpet? The jasmine opens like a trumpet. Mention nine, mention nine, what flower is made into wine? The kaoliang seed(flower) is made into wine. Mention ten, mention ten, what flower opens like a spoon? The funkia subcordata opens like a spoon.
[* cited from 続021-008 with some changes＞一根棍→一根棍兒＞. He translated 玉簪 as "funkia subcordata", it was derived from the illustlation of Vitale's collection(Ｖ017-028). But this lat.name was not seen in the botanical books in present time. Now it named as "Hosta plantaginea Aschers.".／＝●陳026-028.]
(32) THE 8TH DAY OF THE 12TH MOON
The eighth day of the twelfth moon is a good day. Who knows that the neighbor's girl has become a wife? She has tears in her eyes, but she feels happy at heart. She sits in a big embroidered chair.
[* cited from 続038-024.／＝陳028-031.]
(33) A GREEDY WOMAN
She is a greedy woman, a greedy woman, so greedy that it difficult to describe her! as soon as she rises early in the morning, she goes to the east neighbor and visit the west neighbor. At last she comes to the home of Second Old Madam. There she has seen the members eating boiled meat dumplings. The greedy woman becomes so greedy that her spittle runs down to a distance of more that two feet. She returns home in a hurry, unrips her quilt and mattress, washes them, and pawns them for over two taels of silver. What do you think she wants? Truly she wants to eat boiled meat dumplings. Ten dumpling stuffed with cabbage is really delicious. The catties of mutton is put inside, and materials used for stuffing cut into small pieces are of an excellent taste. She eats one after another with garlic which makes the food more savory. The more she eats, the more delightful she becomes. In the end she has taken more than two hundred. She has eaten so much that she cannot move her body. She is going to see the King of Hades. Even when she breathes her last, she still cries, saying,"I want to eat boiled meat dumpling."
[* cited from 続043-027.／＝陳029-031.]
(34) STRIKE THE SIEVE AND SIFT
Strike the sieve and sift drag the sieve and sift. You owe me money for flour and do not pay me. When will you bring it here? At the Festival of Lanterns I will bring it. What lantern? The small foot lantern. Walking on it I have made a big hole in it.
[* cited from Ｖ131-180 with a change.／小脚兒燈→小脚燈. ／＝陳030-034.]
(35) THE YOUNG LADY
The young lady has just reached the age of eighteen. She has the face full of pimples and scars. With white cosmetic she rubs all over the face to her heart's desire. Then with rouge she makes her face as red as blood. She combs her hair into a Soo-chow chignon. Near the temple she sticks a flower in her hair. How big is her foot? Altogether two inches and eight-tenths of an inch crosswise.
[* cited from Ｖ132-181 with a change of its letter style＞胭脂抹的血&M075477;胡拉→胭脂抹的血絲胡拉＞. Vitale said "血&M075477;胡拉, read almost in one word hsie3 ssu~-hu-la(xie3 si-hu-la). I have only adopted these characters in order to write down the sound as spoken the general meaning is to look as if besmeared with blood." This translation have some changes and additions from Vitale's, but I think this pieces was better. ／＝陳031-035.]
(36) GO UP THE SITTING STONE
Go up the sitting stone come down from the sitting-stone. The old lady Chang comes to pour tea. The tea is fragrant the wine is fragrant. Ten camels are loaded with clothes. They are unable to move on, and they cell the dragonfly. The dragon-fly's mouth is full of water, and spurts the young lady's figured ankle-bands. Young lady, young lady do not get cross. Tomorrow or after tomorrow the cart will arrive. What cart? A chair-cart with red wheels, drawn by a white horse, and inside there sits a beautiful woman, who wears an over coat lined with grey squirrel fur and a jacket lined with ermine fur, and has with her a pair of side-pouches with flowers worked on it by the small needle. Then, comes from the south direction an imperial body-guard of the second class, who learning to the cart-door asks his sister-in-law, "sister-in-law, sister-in-law, where do you go?" "I am going towards the south to pay a sisit to my relative's family" "When you have already paid a visit to your relative's family, come to my house. I have at home ready-cooked old rice, tartar cakes and tea milk but the Annamite betel-nuts cut in four pieces will break the protruding old front teeth of you worrying thing."
[* cited from Ｖ002-002 with an error＞瞧完了親家到我家→瞧完親家到我家＞.／●陳032-036：＞解南來了個二等轄→解南來了二個等轄＞.I can't understand why this editor changed so.English translation also said it comes was "an imperial body-guard". ]
(37) WATER CARRYING FELLOW
Water carrying fellow, hear what I say. On the bank of the south river is your hole. When the weather is fine, you dry out your shell when the weather is bad, then you draw in your neck.
[* cited from Ｖ004-007. see also 張168-335.／＝陳033-038.]
(38) TWO CANDLES
Two candles, a bundle of incense sticks, on the 23rd day are offered for sacrifice to the God of the hearth. There are a dish full of fodder, and a dish full of water. When the water is poured on the ground the God ascends to Heaven. The eldest of the family comes over and knocks his head on the ground. Then three volleys of crackers with a great noise. God of the hearth, come back! come back! We keep for you Manchurian sugar.
[* cited from Ｖ098-135.／＝陳034-039.]
(39) ONE, WHAT ONE?
One, what one? Who took the initiative to pull rickshaws? Two, what two? Who was the first to hold the walking-stick? Three, what three? Who was the first opinum-smoker? Four, what four? Who introduced the writingof big characters? Five, what five? Who was originated selling of opium? Six, what six? Who was the first that plundered dog's flesh? seven, what seven? Who introduced the system of speculation? Eight, what eight? Who was the first to pripose that men should become soldiers? Nine, what nine? Who advocated drinking wine? Ten, what ten? Who forged counterfeit diamonds?
[* cited from 続025-013.]
(40) THE SMALL-POX DEVIL
The "small pox devil," stealing the water, has upset the bucket, and has broken his leg. You repay me for my bucket, and I will repay you for your leg.
[* cited from Ｖ138-187.／＝陳035-040.]
(41) FLOWERS OF JOY
Here are the flowers of joy, pick them up and cover your head with them. Here is the wine of joy, pour it out and drink. The birds of joy come to stop on the eaves of the roof, and the news they bear is: the first successful candidate at the examinations.
[* cited from Ｖ139-188. ／＝陳036-041.]
(42) ON THE SANDY PLAIN
On the sandy plain gallops a white horse, galloping to the horseman's future father-in-law's house. His elder brother-in-law inventes him to come in his younger brother-in-law pulls him in. Through the bamboo curtain he has seen her. Her large face is as white as silver tray and her black hair and her cotton overcoat is of light azure colour with silver buttons.
[* cited from Ｖ005-009. ／＝陳037-042.]
(43) SMALL BALDHEAD
Small baldhead, here he is weeping! To the south side it is your father who draws water from the well. Your father wears an official hat with red silver twists on it, and your mother wears on her feet old shoes with no heels. As she advances a step, it sounds talala and of her ten toes three peep out of her shoes.
[* 1st appeared in Ｖ006-010，cited to CMG012-018 with an error. But its translation were almost same with Vitale's one. I can't decide it was only the case of which each editor made same error, or which he used two books, one for his quotation of Chinese words, and other for its translation. Career on its changes of the words are Ｖ006＞南邊兒打水→南邊打水＞CMG012＞．／＝●陳038-043.]
(44) ONE, WHAT ONE?
One, what one? To live the life of a policeman is difficult. Two, what two? He shoulders a gun in the night and holds a stick during the day. Three, what three? He takes with him a bag to collect the house rent. Four, what four? He will have no business, if he loses his job as policeman. Five, what five? If he fails to give the house rent, he is to be brought to the police office. Six, what six? Standing day and night makes him very painful. Seven, what seven? If he fails to receive his pay he will feel anxious. Eight, what eight? He has no means to live if he does not become a policeman. Nine, what nine? The policeman is no better than the dog which watches the street. Ten, what ten? He has nothing to eat, if he does not become a policeman.
[* cited from 続024-012.]
(45) WITHOUT PERCEIVING IT
Without perceiving it in a moment I fell asleep. I dreamed you had shouldered a gun, and I shouldered a hoe, and went to the south morass to dig out silver ingots and digging we dug out a big rush wrapper. Through the rush wrapper we looked in there were gold ingots and silver ingots, and two large buckets of diamonds, and two coral trees two chang high. But if we buy servants I am afraid that they would run away if we buy houses I am afraid that they would burn if we buy an ass I am afraid he would die in the manger if we open a pawn-shop, we have not eyes good enough for that if we open a money-shop, there is none who will guarantee us. But feeling for the east and feeling for the west, I felt a big ugly scorpion, which bit me so painfully that it made me scream.
[* cited from Ｖ102-139. errored the punctuations at the 2nd and the 3rd verses, correctly: "顧不得，一時睡着。你扛槍…" ＞金鋼鑽兒兩大筲→金鋼鑽兩大筲／＝●陳039-044.revisioned the punctuations, but:＞要買人怕逃跑→要僱佣人怕逃跑＞]
(46) THE TAIL OF THE WILD SPARROW IS LONG
The tail of the wild sparrow is long. He forgets his mother after he has taken a wife. He bears his mother on his back to the back of the mountain, but carries his wife onto the brick bed. He bakes white cakes and put granulated sugar in them he then says: wife,wife, taste them first. I go to the back of the mountain to see our mother. Our mother has become a dung beetle jih ling, jih ling, it flies away so fast that I cannot catch it.
［* Perhaps cited from 平131-070 with a correct and an error＞麻野雀→野麻雀，媳婦娘在坑頭上→媳婦放在炕頭上＞. The second case had errored in the sourse text, and corrected by this editor. The first case couldn't be decided to it was simply error or a change with some intention, for many variations had collected, but the word 野麻雀 was appeared only in two cases(See also 廿省1-21,18). And compared them with the expression in the last phrases(onomatopoeic words), this piece was agreed with 平131-070. ／＝●陳040-045.]
(47) A GIRL 17 YEARS OLD WANTS TO BECOME A NUN
A girl seventeen years old wants to become a nun. Another girl of the same age comes to give her good advice: "My younger sister, my younger sister, don't become a nun. Tell your parents to get you a good husband. Then you may make use of mules and horses you may live in high towers, tiled houses, and big mansions you will have pearls, cornelians and ornaments of emerald needle work baskets are placed on the brick bed the babies will cry on the kang." The other girl replies: "I will not use mules or horses I do not live in high towers, tiled houses, or big mansions neither want I pearls, cornelians and ornaments of emerald I do not want needle work baskets that are on the bed I also not want babies crying on the kang: I insist on becoming a nun."
［* 1st appeared in 歌1-23,6(1923.6.17)「兒歌選錄―直隷」,also cited in 平135-072 with a change. And this case would be cited from latter collection with a change.＞歌1-23＞[/gua]→呱＞平135-072＞坑上→炕上＞. But 坑 was sometimes used as 炕(on-tol) in He-bei, not so problem. ／＝●陳041-046：＞七歲的女兒要出家→十七歲的女兒要出家＞ Actually, there collected a variation which beguns those expressions(see 許牧野『中國民謠選集』(1971 p.264)). But this case should be revisioned from the English translation without comparation and considerations.]
(48) KNOCKING, KNOCKING, "WHO ARE YOU?"
Knocking, knocking,"who are you?" "I am Chang Kuo Lao." Why do you not come in?" "I am afraid that the dog will bite me." "What have you in your lap?" "Big sour dates." "Why don't you eat them?" "I fear that I will feel painful in the teeth." "What are you holding under your arm?" "An old fur coat." "Why do you not put it on?" "I am afraid of being bitten by the lice." "Why do you not tell your wife to catch them?" "My wife has died." " Why don't you cry for your wife?" "Old pot! old pan! my old chum!"
［* cited from 平151-080 with some change＞怕狗咬哇→怕狗咬呀，你怎麽不讓你老伴拿拿→你怎麽不叫你老伴拿拿＞.／＝陳042-047.]
(49) THE BALDHEAD
We will put a hoop around the baldhead we will fry beancurd with the oil we get by hooping. You get a full bowl I get a full bowl but the baldhead is so greedt that he vamly stares at us!
［* 1st appeared in 歌1-47,5(1924.3.16)「兒歌―京兆」,also cited in 平175-094.／＝陳044-050.]
(50) TUNG CHIH MEN
At the Tung Chih Gate there hangs a signboard, close by the Russian Legation: in the Russian Legation moving pictures are taken, close by is Ssu Yen Ching(4 wells) at Ssu Yen Ching no man strikes the bell, close by is the Lama Temple in the Lama Temple there are halls, close by is the National Institute the door of the national Institute is closed, close by is the An Ting Gate at the An Ting Gate wave the hand, close by is the Temple of Local Deity in the Temple of Local Deity effacacious lots are drawn, clse by is the District of Ta Hsing in the district no enquiry can be made, close by is the Lung Fu temple in the temple bottle-gourds are sold, close by is the Four Arches, at the south of Four Arches, at the north of the Four Arches, and under the Four Arches men drink cool water men drinking cool water are afraid of being seen, close by is the Kuang Hsi Bridge Kuang Hsi did not come in vain, close by is the Fishing Terrace at the Fishing Terrace no men are there, close by is the Chi Hua Gate near the Chi Hua Gate railroad are built, and there is a short cut to the south and north.
［* cited from 続001-001.／＝●陳043-048 with some groundless revisions :＞界邊就是俄羅斯館 俄羅斯館照電影→界邊就是領事館 領事館照電影＞ no variation had collected as had such phrases,and no fact of singing those version.]
(51) THE FLOWER OF PEACE
The flower of pease and horse beans. This morning my younger sister is married. The mother cries: she is my needlewoman. The father says: she is a branch of flowers to me. The elder brother says that she is a good-for-nothing the sister-in-law says that she is a trouble-maker. By her provocation the cat no longer catches rats by her provocation the dog no longer watches the house by her provocation the peach tree no longer bears fruit by her provocation the plum tree no longer opens flowers.
［* cited from 続017-006. ／＝陳045-051.]
(52) IN THE FIRST MONTH
In the first month, in the first month, seven Shanhsi people go out in the streets to see the lanterns. They wear their furs outside and yet they feel cold but look at the turtles in the river, how do they manage to live through the winter?
［* cited from Ｖ149-195.／＝●陳046-052：＞河裏的王老八他怎麽過冬→河裏的老王八他怎麽過冬＞ I think this editor would changed it for the sake of revision the order of words to "correctly". But in the source text, Vitale had noted "王老八 uang2 lao3 pa1 is instead of 老王八, the old turtle.". So, it was a exchange have some intent at the mouth of original singers. 'Cause I can't regard this revision was right.]
(53) THE SMALL GIRL HAS HAD A DREAM
The small girl has had a dream of her mother-in-law coming to give her the bridal gift: real gold rods, and sham gold rods, a petticoat with stitched flowers, and a cloak with embroidered flowers.
［* cited from Ｖ151-196. ／＝陳047-053.]
(54) IF YOU FOLLOW OTHER'S STEPS
If you follow other's steps, you will change to dog's hair. The dog's hair is old, you eat green grass. The green grass is faded, you evacuate plain-cooked rice. The plain-cooked rice is white, nobody carries the dead man. He is carried to the inside of the front gate the bottom of the coffin falls off. When the coffin is carried outside of the gate, the cover of the coffin falls down.
［* cited from 平124-066. ／＝陳048-054.]
(55) BEING FREE HE COMES OUT OF THE CITY
Being free he comes out of the city. On the way he meets with two crickets who are bragging to each other. One says: tomorrow I will eat a tall willow-tree. The other says: tomorrow I will devour a big ass. While they are thus boasting, there comes from the south a fighting cock. on seeing it they become angry they open wide their eyes and comb their beard they run up to the cock, thinking to eat it but both have gone down the belly of the cock.
［* cited from 平128-068 with some change＞我喫了→我喫＞. I think he wanted to suit the words for its tense. But considered that it was a boaster, this correction was not necessary thing. So, they said: "I have eat a Big Cock in tomorrow." For using such crazy grammers in the crazy tenses were one of the old trick in the boaster rhymes. ／＝●陳049-055.]
(56) DRUMS SUCCEED DRUMS
Drums succeed drums, and gongs succeed gongs. A newly married bride relies on her father and mother-in-law. The father moon reclines on the Shorea tree, and the constellations of the Herdboy and the Spinning damsel each lie on one side of the Milky Way.
［* cited from Ｖ154-199. ／＝陳050-056.]
(57) THE 1ST WIFE AND THE 2ND WIFE PLAY AT GUESSING RIDDLES
The first wife and the second wife play at guessing riddles the third wife insults me as "an ugly slave." But I did not come here stealthily, nor did I run away to come here. I was married and taken here in a red chair and was followed by green chairs. Look here at my hands! I could fill a big peck with the gold and pearls and cornelion that I wear look here at my teeth! Since I was a child I have been accustomed to take "tea with candied fruits".
［* cited from Ｖ156-202 with a lot of errors. Originally, the part of the 4th line in the source text was lost, but the part of its English translation was existed, and its verses were almost agreed with the Vitale's translation. So,I can't recognize it is a variation. ＞瞧瞧奴家的手→瞧瞧奴家手＞. ／＝●陳051-057.]
(58) A STICK
With a stck he strikes the mulberries. The man has married his wife's younger sister. Now bed-clothes are prepared there are also a pair of embroidered pillows. He is thinking one way and another and feels that this thing is unsuitable. The four legs are placed close to each other. Some one asks: do you think this comfortable?
［* cited from 平115-061.]
(59) TUNG, TUNG, TUNG
Tung, tung, tung sound the drums. Mr. Chang has married a girl of the Li family. The girl is supported in going up the chair the chair is then raised and carried away. Her father stamps his feet on the ground, and her mother weeps bitterly. The father says: she is like "goods sold at a loss!" The mother says: she has grieved me. Go, go, go, do not mention this again! Whoever wants girls is an ass.
［* 1st appeared in 歌1-47,4「民歌―京兆」,and cited to 平119-063. ／＝陳052-058.]
(60) THE STOMS OF THE VITEX INCISA
The stems of the vitex incisa are fit for many uses: one may make of it a willow-peck, and one may make of it a basket. The basket is indeed larger than the willow-peck, and calls the willow-peck elder brother.
［* cited from Ｖ057-088 with a error＞管着柳斗兒叫哥哥→管看柳斗兒叫哥哥＞. ／＝●陳053-059.]
(61) BROAD BEANS
Broad beans are as hard as iron to be had in big handfuls. After having married a wife, then he does want his mother. If he wanted his mother then they would quarrel, and if they quarrelled, then he ought to separate from the old house.
［* Perhaps cited from Ｖ058-089 with some errors＞娶了個媳婦兒→婆了個媳婦兒＞. I can't understand why "then he does 'not' want his mother" in English translation in the source text were changed to "then he does want his mother".／＝陳054-060：＞婆了個媳婦兒→娶了個媳婦兒＞.]
(62) CUT THE BAMBOO STICK
Cut the bamboo stick to strike the mulberries. She became a wife when she was fifteen years old. Her father-in-law beat her and mother-in-law scolded her. She ended her life by drowing into a river. When she was pulled out she was dripping. Having heard of this, her own family would not spare them. Her father-in-law knelt behind the coffin, and cried my lady! my wife! It is your business to clean the pan and wash the bowl.
［* 1st appeared in 歌1-8,4(1923.3.4)「歌謠中的家庭問題」,also cited in 平113-060. ／＝陳055-061.]
(63) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS A LAIR OF PIGS
On a very high mountain there is a lair of pigs. The husband and the wife quarrel and the child weeps! Child, child, do not weep! Wait till I thrash this old husband.
[* cited from Ｖ142-190. ／＝陳056-062.]
(64) THE LITTLE DRUM
The little drum is round and round. It is pitiful that my mother beats mw! I am my mother's "floating grass." How many years can I live at home? Other's ground I sweep clean before other's gods I burn incense and other's mother I call mother. Her mother asks what she says, she replies: "The warter in the pan boils, the beans are cooked soft. I boil them for dinner."
[* 1st appeared in CMG018-027「小鼓，圓上圓…」. This version was originally cited in 歌1-8,１(1923.3.4)「歌謠中的家庭問題」and afterwards to 平101-053. And this editor cited it with a change. The career on its changes of the words are CMG018＞小鼓→小鼓兒＞歌1-8＞平101＞人家地土我掃光→人家土地我掃光＞. Compared with its veriations, I cannot find which 土地 or 地土 was mentioned in this part without these four cases. Generally, its said sweeping in 院子 or 房子. When from its 1st appeared it made as 地土, it was the rare word that I didn't know another case without them. But there also found a variation which it was 地面. It was difficult to decide 地土 was an original error or not. ／＝●陳057-063：＞煮來喫飯→煮來喫晚飯＞ a groundless revision.]
(65) DRUMS BEATING, CYMBALS CLASHING
The drums are beating loudly and the cymbals are clashing. Theree of the monks in the temple have died three carry them and three bury them and three more are confined to bed.
[* cited from 平109-058.／＝陳058-064.]
(66) WHO KNOCKS AT THE DOOR?
Who knocks at the door? The small dog barks. A lady relation has arrived. In a hurry I put on my embroidered shoes, but my anklebands have fallen down.
[* cited from Ｖ147-194. ／＝陳059-065.]
(67) 1ST ELDER BROTHER 2ND ELEDER BROTHER
First elder brother and second elder brother, with these crops how will it be possible to live? Indian corn flour is sold at over two cents a catty! The bean plant opens its flower, hallo!
[* cited from Ｖ148-194. ／＝陳060-066.]
(68) THE BOY BORES THE HEELBAND OF THE SHOE
The boy bores the heelband of the shoe, and stitches the shoe sole. He has earned two pecks of millet. After a good deal of steaming and frying he eats a good meal given to him by his mother as a reward.
[* cited from Ｖ140-189 with a error＞掙了二升小米子兒→掙了二升小米兒＞. ／＝●陳061-067. ]
(69) HARPEN THE BAMBOO STICK
Sharpen the bamboo stick to strike the mulberries. The brother-in law has married his sister-in-law. He closes the door and covers himself with bed-clothes. He thinks this way and that and comes to the conclusion that this is quite improper. However, he does not care whether it is proper or not, because he feels comfortable while lying in bed during the night.
[* 1st recorded have unknown. 1st cited in 歌1-3,2(1923.2.31)「我們為什麽要研究歌謠」, and cited to 平114-061. ／＝陳062-068.]
(70) CRUMBLES CRUMBLES
Crumbles, crumbles the awning cart there sits a nice fellow. He is going outside the town to hear the village comedies, and then he will go down the "river of ten li." In the Laoyeh temple there is great confusion: the crowd is enormous, and is very animated. The girls from the villages come here to display their charms and their faces rubbed with white cosmetics look just like white gourds.
[* cited from Ｖ168-217 with some change＞野臺兒戲→野臺戲，十里河兒→十里河，人海人山眞熱鬧→人山人海眞熱鬧＞. The first two chages were not so problem, but latter had some considerable point. Vitale also commented in his illustration "人海人山 jen2 hai3 jen2 shan1, the men were there as thick as water and as high as hills." But I know a song which had a phrase like this case ,as "人山人海好熱鬧". For it would probable to say that this case was an minor variation from editor's memory, at least. ／＝●陳063-069.]
(71) THE SPIRIT OF LONGEVITY AND THE STARS OF HAPPINESS AND APPOINTMENT
The spirit of longevity, and the stars of happiness and appointment, may they increase your happiness and your longevity so that you may live a long life, and have sons in the literary career, in the military career and in high positions may your sons be pious and your grandsons be for ever glorious.
[* cited from Ｖ169-218. ／＝陳064-070.]
(72) WHAT A HOT DAY!
What a hot day! Set up the bamboo curtain. Under the crooked trees, there is a small girl who plays and jests with me. She wears a deep red waistcoat without coloured border. She has combed her hair with oil, and has stuck jade pins into her hair. In the left hand she holds a jade flower basket, and in the right hand she holds gardenias, jasmine and wild lotus flowers.
[* cited from Ｖ082-116. ／＝陳065-071.]
(73) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS A SMALL TEMPLE
On a very high mountain there is a small temple inside is living a holy man, who wears on his head a dry grass hat, and on his body an azure cloak, and on his legs thin leggings, and round his waist a grass rope for girdle. Four small devils bear the chair two small devils blow the horn. From the south has come a young girl in the bloom of life, who has in her hands a paper ladder and paper money. She enters the temple to pray for a child. She says: give me a child and it shall be all right if you do not give me a child, I will set fire, and burn your small temple. The holy man hearing this is very much angry, and calls for the small devils to issue a warrant of arrest, saying: quickly apprehend this young woman in the bloom of life but the young woman in the bloom of life is so scared that she gasps for breath.
[* cited from Ｖ084-119. ／＝●陳066-072.＞兩個小鬼&M075472;兒哇&M075472;兒哇吹號兒→兩個小鬼喔兒哇喔兒哇吹號兒，解南來了一個青春年少兒→解南來了一個青春小姣兒，快拿青春年少兒→快拿青春年姣兒，嚇的青春年少兒→嚇的青春年姣兒＞ ground-less revisions.]
(74) A MAN SHOULD NOT BECOME A SOLDIER
A man should not become a soldier, because a soldier is tire-some. He rises early in the morning, and takes Japanese exercise. He puts on a pair of foreign shoes, wears a foreign hat, and carries on his back a big knapsack. When he hears that a manoeuvre will take place, he feels quite uneasy at heart. A tent is then erected in the rear there are cooking stoves. In the night he suffers from cold, so that yu, yu, he cries out like a cricket.
[* 鍋竈 was originally written as 煱竈. cited from 平090-046 with a change＞清晨早起→清晨要早起＞. Perhaps this song was not comple. Originally the end of this song had marks of omitted, but it's not clearly the meant of which it was omitting the continued verses, or meant as some burdens. I think it would be cited from other books or articles by un-completly form. Firstly, there was no note for omitted part secondly, the using of 煱 was the rare case in the articles of which written in the same periods, and other cases which cited in his collections were almost had their sources. ]
(75) ONE, WHAT ONE?
One, what one? He is so poor that he becomes a rickshaw puller. Two, what two? He is only afraid that the rickshaw owner deducts his rent. Three, what three? A few copper-coins are earned with one day's labor. Four, what four? On seeing the rickshaw piller the policeman finds faults with him. Five what five? No body so miserable as the rickshaw puller. Six, what six? If the rickshaw man refuses to pull the soldier, he will be beaten. Seven, what seven? Rickshaw lacks customers with the appearance of tramcar. Eight, what eight? The whole family depends upon him. Nine, what nine? He does not dare to become a soldier. Ten, what ten? If he ends his life by drowning into a river or jumping into a well, nobody knows.
[* cited from 平091-047 with some changes＞見了巡警就發刺→巡警見了就發刺，電車興來拉誰去→電車興了拉誰去＞.]
(76) IS IT GOOD OR NOT?
Is it good or not? Is it good or not? I have married a wife with small feet. They are distorted and stiuking, that they strike my nose so badly!
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-47,4(1924.3.16)「民歌―京兆」,also cited in 平082-040.／＝陳067-074.]
(77) THE GIRL
The girl, the girl, can look after the house. She steals brown rice and exchanges sesamum. Oily sesamun, date pudding, she eats to excess that she calls for her grandmother. The grandmother breaks wind, which blows the girl to a distance of two li. There it hails the hail strikes the girl in the back of her head.
[* cited from 平087-042. ／＝陳068-075.]
(78) THE SMALL BOY
The small boy, holding the mace by the head, opens the two leaves of the door of the plain room. Inside there are one table for eight people and varnished chairs. He leans his feet on a small footstool. The tea pot is over-filled with water, and he washes the kettle. Four sorts of food are there spread out, delicate leeks with delicate stems, and eight plates with sauced shrimp pulp, pork with sauce and roasted duck. The nun like the great lady in heaven is a holy person, and she has the meat food removed and vegetable food prepared. People call out. The great lady has eaten to fullness, and goes to the southern stage, to see the play and with a palm-leaf fan, strikes away the mosquitoes.
[* cited from Ｖ080-113. ／＝陳069-076.]
(79) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS A STEM OF HEMP
On a very high mountain there is a stem of hemp there is a cicada who creeps on it. I ask the cicada, why do you creep on? and she says: I am thirsty and want to eat hemp.
[* 1st appeared in Ｖ081-116，also cited to CMG003-009. Judging from its translation, this case would cited from Vitale's collection with a change＞有個吉了兒往上爬→有個吉了往上爬＞. ／＝陳070-077.]
(80) THE SMALL WHITE CHICKEN
The small white chicken goes up the stack of fuel. How can a child who is without a mother live? If I sleep with the cat, it will scratch me if I sleep with the dog, it will bite me. I wish to have a step-mother toembrace me.
[* 1st appeared in 劉復「謌謠選」No.49(1918.10.22),and cited in 歌1-57,4(1924.6.1)「幾首北京的婚姻的歌謠」and again in 平077-038. Perhaps this was citedfrom whether the later cases with a change＞上柴禾垜→上柴火垜＞. There were some variations which made the same part as 翻柴火 叼柴火 or 掻柴火. I think the original meanning of those part were "sleep or sitting on a heap of woods(fire-woods)". And this change by the editor would not be considered for a simply error, it suggested the pronunciation of 禾(he) was sometimes sounded like 火(hou) and confused in some districts in He-bei. ／＝●陳071-078.＞沒娘的孩兒怎麽過→沒娘的孫兒怎麽過＞ would be a simply error.]
(81) THE BIG COCK
The big cock ascends the stack of straw. He has married a stupid wife. He tells her to sweep the ground, but she does not do it she digs a hole and breaks wind. He lets her wash bowls, but she refuses to do instead she washes her chignon in the bowl. He orders her to wash the pan, but she does not do it she jumps into the pan to wash her posterious. She does not clean the jar as she is ordered she then jumps into the jar to wash the crutch of the trousers. She is told to wash plates, but refuses to wash them she evacuates the bowls in them. She is ordered to pluck the fruit of the egg-plant, but she declines to do it instead she stands in the yard and scolds her father-in-law.
[* originally 碗 was written by 盌. 1st appeared in 歌1-18,3(1923.5.13)「兒歌選錄―京兆」,and cited with a change to 平078-038. In the 1st text 屁股 was written by 屁活 and commented"屁活即屁股". ]
(82) NEAR THE WALL OF THE IMPERIAL TOWN
Near the wall of the imperial town, there is a row of doors. Near a door there stands a small girl. She is really nice, with a shirt of white cloth and trousers of blue cloth. She wears round ear-rings, and has a big chignon on her head. On the face she has rubbed red powder and white powder. (She says) who will be my little bridegroom?
[* cited from Ｖ091-128 with a correct. In the source text, 兒 was lost in the end of the 7th line. But in his illustrations it occured as 排環墜兒.／＝●陳072-079.with an error:＞門口兒站着個小妞人兒→門口兒站着個小妞兒＞]
(83) THE OLD LADY CALLS TO THE CAT
The old lady calls the cat: puss, puss, Fox. Our cats have all a name. There are "the whip that beats the embroidered ball" and "jade inlaid with gold", and more "coal brought in the snow" with four white paws. If there is a man who wants to steal away my cat, I will draw out your muscles, and peel away your skin.
[* cited from Ｖ093-130. ／＝陳073-080.]
(84) THERE WAS A GIRL SEVENTEEN YEAR
There was a girl seventeen year old. After four year she was twenty-one. She married a husband only ten years of age, who was other than she by eleven years. One day she went to a well to draw water. One end was high and the other was low. (She said) if I did not consider that my father and mother-in-law treated me kindly, I would push you into the well.
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-3,3(1923.2.31)「民歌選錄―直隷」,and this version was cited from 平071-035. 歌1-3＞他比丈夫→她比丈夫＞平071＞. ／＝陳074-081.]
(85) BROTHERS AND SISTERS COME AND RUN A RACE
You brothers and we sisters, come and run a race. Whoever reaches the goal first will have the advantages first. No, as we are younger, you brothers must reach the goal first. It is better for us to run together as well as we can no matter who is fast and who is slow. Run! run! run!
[* cited from 平073-036. ／＝陳075-082.]
(86) THE PRIEST OF THE TEMPLE DRAGS A HEAVY CHAIN
The priest of the temple drags a heavy chain and goes from one house to the other ringing a bell the priest of the temple goes out for the monthly rice, and from house to house he sighs ten times the priest in the temple has mortgaged the flag-staffs and has sold the temple, and he does not want either the fish-drum or the ceremonial dress the priest in the temple has prepared a small fruit stall, and says ground nuts, a big handful of them the priest in the temple cannot sleep, because he is thinking of the neighbour's girl the priest in the temple stands on his head, but having sprained his neck how could he read the sacred book? the priest in the temple does not strike the copperdrum, but ding dong! he strikes instead the tea-cup the priest in the temple lets his hair grow, and does not care a bit about the improvement of his moral conduct.
[* cited from Ｖ120-166 with some changes＞典了旗桿賣了廟→典了旗扞賣了廟，想着隔壁兒大姑娘→想着隔壁兒的大姑娘，叮兒噹兒的打茶盅→叮兒噹兒打茶盅＞]
(87) SACRIFICE TO THE GOD OF STOVES
Sacrifice to the god of the stoves, Sacrifice to the god of the stoves, the new year has arrived. The old man comes and wants a felt hat the old lady comes over and wants footbands the impertinent youngster comes over and wants crackers.
[* cited from Ｖ122-170. ／＝陳076-083.]
(88) ON THE TOP OF THE SOUTH HILL THERE IS BLADE OF GRASS
On the top of the south hill there is a blade of grass. A man should not take ywo wives. If he has more, fighting is bound to occur. When fighting takes place quarrel ensues. I wish to strike the first wife but she has been with me for many years. I wish to beat the concubine but she rubs rouge and powder on her face and flatters me. If I beat both, the children of the whole family will make an uproar if I let them free, the neighbours will laugh at me.
[* Perhaps cited from 平052-026 with a correct. 1st appeared in 劉復「謌謠選」No.136(1919.5.8 sended by 李芳華) and cited in 歌1-3,3(1922.12.31)「民歌選錄―山東」as which a song send by the same correspondent. When it cited again in 歌1-8,3(1923.3.4)「歌謠中的家庭問題」by 常惠, the author erred to write the begining phrase as "南頂山上". This "erred" version was brought in 平052-026, and would be again in this collection even added a further futility. So the carreer of those changes were something complicated 劉復 No.136＞大的大→大的打，街房→街坊＞歌1-3(1st revisioned version)＞鬧哈哈→鬥呵呵＞歌1-4(2nd revisioned version)＞南山頂上→南頂山上＞歌1-8(errored)＞平052-026＞南頂山上→南山頂上，有心待把大的打→有心要把大的打＞. ／＝●陳077-084.]
(89) THE FLOWERS OPEN
The flowers open and fall. my father should not take a second wife. Three years after the marriage, a brother was born who is worthy of praise. My father loves him and my mother likes him but they treat me as a slave. He eats brown old rise I eat what is left in the pan. whether I am satisfied or not, nobody observes. nothing can I blame, because I have lost my own mother.
[* Originally 剩 was written by 賸. In the early collections,this letter appeared few. Sometimes it be a key to coming back their source. 1st appeared in 歌1-47,5(1924.3.16)「兒歌―京兆」,and also cited in 平069-034. And this version was cited from these with a change＞爹爹別該娶後媽→爹爹不該娶後媽＞ But in『中國の民謠と童謠』(柿崎進 1943),there seen a variation as these. So, it would not be considered as a simply error, but as a suggestion to those variations. ／＝●陳078-085.]
(90) THE CHICKEN SCREAMING
The chicken screaming, flies on the grass stack. Her mother had reared only her. She washed in a gold basin she slept in a silver basin and then they married her in the Shantung. She had ten fathers-in-law, and ten mothers-in-law, and ten brothers-in-law to watch her. Now they let her go to the well to draw water, and her small hands are swollen with the great pain. The birds on the trees chatter merrily. Who knows that I am suffering from bitterness and pain?
[* cited from Ｖ123-171 with a change＞叫他井臺兒→叫她井臺＞／＝○陳079-086.]
(91) THE FATHER MOON
The father moon is shining bright. The neighbour's girl wants her bridal presents: squares of cosmetic pow-der, incense sticks, and two hundred rouge cotton-strips.
[* cited from Ｖ124-172. ／＝陳080-087.]
(92) THE SUN HAS COME OUT LIKE A RED SPOT
Thesun has come out like a red spot. Others ride on horses and I ride on a dragon. I ride on a real dragon to cross the east sea. Beyond the east sea there lives the family of my father-in-law. My father-in-law catches sight of me and invites me to enter the house my younger brother-in-law catches sight of me and pulls me in my mother-in-law comes down from the kang and makes tea. Before I drink a full cup of tea, I see her(his future wife) from behind the bamboo curtain. She wears a black satin coat with embroidered peonies inside the coat she wears a bluih-white jacket worked in dog's teeth. Her small red shoes are two inches and eight fen long on them are embroidered the morning glories. As soon as I arrive at home, I will tell my father and mother that even we mortgage our house and sell our land, I must marry her.
[* The most earlier case I saw was cited in the article on 歌1-1,2(1922.12.17 「對於投稿諸君進一解說」by 常惠), as a song which the author had seen in "a newspaper in Peking". In 歌1-62,5(1924.10.5「専號一看見她」),the editor noted that it was a song collected by 常惠in Peking, and cited again to 平049-024 with some changes: 歌1-1＞裏→裏，瞧見他→瞧見她＞歌1-62＞海東→海龍，裏→裏，青緞中衣袴桶紮→青緞子中衣袴桶紮＞平049＞海龍→海東，青緞子中衣跨桶紮→青緞子中衣牡丹花扎＞ "袴桶" or"跨桶" would be thought as same as an expression of "褲襠" in Ｖ112-152(=張116-231) and "褲筒" (instead of "袴桶", 董作賓used in his article( 歌1-63「専號一看見她」(2))for analysis to above song.), which mentioned as "the bottom of the trousers". For the phrase was meant as:"she wears blue satin coat and trousers", not "blue satin coat with embroidered peonies". But actualy, the same phrase was seen in a variation of this song cited in『中國民謠選集』(1971 許牧野):" 哩嘍哩，啦嘍啦，沙土灘裏放白馬…隔個竹簾瞧見她，青緞子中衣牡丹花紮，月白小襖狗牙搯…". so I have not be able to decide whether they would be a simply revision or a suggestion to other variations from his memory.／＝●陳081-088.＞騎眞龍過海東→騎着眞龍過海東，就是典了房子出了地→就典了房子出了地＞]
(93) THE SUN COMES OUT AND SHINES UPON THE WEST SLOPE
The sun comes out and shines upon the west slope. Modern young men are afraid of their wives. Others do not fear their wives so badly as I. Fried pork and juiced flat beancurd, while my wife eats, I stay aside to look on. When the baby cries, I will soothe him the lamp is light and I put it on my head.
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-13,2(1923.4.8)「民歌選錄―京兆」,cited to 平051-026, and again in this collection with a change: 歌1-13＞平051＞豬肉絲溜餎炸→炒肉絲溜餎炸＞. No other changes were seen between their versions, and other properly variations could not be found, for it is difficult to decide it was an error or suggession of other variation. ／＝●陳082-089.]
(94) A DOOR OF THE TEMPLE IS OPPOSITE TO A DOOT OF THE TEMPLE
A door of the temple is opposite to a door of the temple there lives a small girl, with white cheeks and red lips. She walks so nicely that she makes people die of love.
[* cited from Ｖ143-191. ／＝陳083-090.]
Hallo! He is really tall! When he wants to eat, he must stoop down when he wants to fight, he lifts his adversary under the arms when he wants to wash his face, he poures water down on it.
[* cited from Ｖ144-192. ／＝陳084-091.]
(96) THE TEWLY-MADE TEA-POT
The newly-made tea pot is clean the newly-bought pig does not eat husks the newly-married wife does not eat food. She weeps and thinks of her father and mother. Others say that the father and mother-in-law are kind. Even best father and mother-in-law are not so good as one's parents.
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-56,8(1924.5.25)「歌謠選錄」,cited to 平041-019. ／＝陳085-092. ** variation see also 張152-303(＝Ｖ043-065),CMG045-053.]
(97) HERE ARE SOUR DATE TREES
Here are sour date trees, whose leaves are pointed. The man and his wife eat rice and close the door. A fly carries away a grain of rice. They begin to chase the fly and arrive at the Tai Ping mountain on the mountain there is a temple they kneel down and say prayers they divine by drawing lots before the idols. They say: we lose money, we quarrel please come back.
[* Perhaps it was cited from 平042-020 with some changes by this editor:＞蒼蠅抱走了一個飯米粒→蒼蠅叼走了一個飯米粒，公母倆跪下胡禱告→公母倆跪下就禱告＞ Judging from the variations, "抱(bao4)" in the 3rd phrase of the original verse would be also pronounced as "diao" or "dao". For in these variations, there seen the phrase as "蠅子吊在飯裏去" or "蠅子叼了一個米". And the part of the 7th phrase also have some other variations. So, they could be suggested to other variations as this case, but I can't recognized this case as a variation. ／＝●陳086-093：＞蒼蠅叼走了一個飯米粒→蒼蠅叨走了一個飯米粒＞]
(98) THE MAN IS HASTY BY NATURE
This man is very hasty by nature. Early in the morning he started for the fair, and he had put on by mistake his wife's trousers, and was riding a donkey with his head towards its tail.
[* cited from Ｖ145-192. ／＝陳087-094.]
(99) THE POOR WOMAN
The poor woman folds her arms on her breast. When she has finished taking her food, she goes out for a stroll, and buys betelnuts, and tobacco.
[* cited from Ｖ146-193. ／＝陳088-094.]
(100) STRIKE THE HANDS
Strike the hands,the first day of the first moon, the old lady likes to go out to look at the lotus-lanterns, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands, the second day of the second moon, the old lady likes to eat sugar sticks, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands, the third day of the third moon, the old lady likes to smoke Manchurian tobaccos, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands,the fourth day of the fourth moon, the old lady likes to eat fish without taking the bones away, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands, the fifth day of the fifth moon, the old lady likes to eat raw yams, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands, the sixth day of the sixth moon, the old lady likes to eat boiled pork, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands, the seventh day of the seventh moon, the old lady likes to eat a boiled chicken with no sauce, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands, the eighth day of the eighth moon, the old lady likes to eat stewed duck, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands,the ninth day of the ninth moon, the old lady likes to eat white lotus roots, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus strike the hands, the tenth day of the tenth moon, the old lady likes to eat snow-white pears, burning incense and saying prayers, with jasmines,jasmines and wild lotus.
[* cited from Ｖ048-072 with some changes＞老太太愛喫個白花藕→老太太愛喫個白蓮藕，打花巴掌的十月一→打花巴掌的十月十＞ "十月十" was also seen in the variation of 平088-043. And compared with their translation of those parts, this editor had changed the words along his Chinese verses. So, those could not be thought as the error, it also suggested to other variation as itself.／＝●陳089-096：＞老太太愛喫個白煮肉→老太太愛喫個白切肉＞ ]
(101) LORD MOON SHINES BRIGHT
Lord moon shines bright. she opens the back door and washes clothes. The clothes become white by washing and starching but she has got a husband who is quite stupid. He smokes opium and plays cards he does not return home even in the midnight.
[* cited from 平037-017.]
(102) THE LITTLE LADY
The little lady is pretty. She combs her hair with pomatum and keeps long hair on both temples. She has married a husband who is very ugly. He is humpbacked and has bleared eyes. "I, a beautiful young lady, feel sorry!" She cries. She scolds him and calls him a bastard.
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-18,2(1923.5.13)「民歌選錄―京兆」,and cited to 平022-011 with an error 歌1-18＞爛眼杪→眼爛梢＞平022-011＞眼爛梢→爛眼梢＞. I think"爛眼梢" of this version would be proper. ／＝●陳090-098:＞梳油頭拉大鬢→梳油頭拉一鬢，尋個女婿太不襯→尋女婿太不襯＞]
(103) A LITTLE BOY
A little boy goes up the steps of the temple, tumbles down, and picks up a small coin. With it he buys vineger and salt, marries a wife, and celebrates the new year.
[* 1st cited in 歌1-57,5(1924.6.1)「幾首北京的婚姻的謠歌」,and again to 平024-012 歌1-57＞栽了個根頭→栽了個跟頭＞平024＞.／＝陳091-099.]
(104) THE SMALL CHILLIES
The small chillies, how could they not be bitter? When my father catches sight of my mother, he is afraid. He kneels down with a lamp on his head,and is also afraid lest the oil should run down, or the candle should fall. When my mother wants to wash her feet, my father runs forward. When he has taken down the socks he says that it is scented. If he says it is bad smelling he gets a slap on the face. When he has filled her pipe, and handed over to her a cup of tea, my mother is so delighted that she shows her teeth. My father has once called her: O mother of my children! old lady, forgive me now if you are to get angry again, I will roll away, and from now on I will never come back home.
[* cited from Ｖ094-131.／＝陳092-100.]
(105) SAR'S MOTHER
Sar's mother who is as tall as the roof, has sunken eyes and a very long neck. She wears a broken overcoat with big holes and many patches. On her whole person there are not even two buttons. Now, tell your mother to marry me! She will get food and drink.
[* cited from Ｖ096-134.／＝●陳093-101:＞告訴你媽嫁了我罷→告訴你媽嫁我了罷＞]
(106) LORD MOON IS BRIGHT
Lord moon is bright. Open the gate and wash clothes. The clothes are washed white and atarched white. He has married a wife. She has a smoking pipe in her mouth, and holds eight cards in her hand. If she wins, she buys followers to wear if she loses money, she becomes angry.
[* cited from 平035-016 with a change:＞嘴叨潮煙袋→嘴叼潮煙袋＞.／＝●陳095-104.]
(107) HIGH-HEELED SHOES
With high-heeled shoes, and narrow heel-bands, I walk a hundred li to arrive at my home. My elder brother says: sit on the kang my sister-in-law says: the kang is not warm my elder brother says: bring here a wooden stool my sister-in-law says: it can not be brought round my elder brother says: bring here a chair my sister-in-law says:the chair has no legs my elder brother says: give your younger sister some money my sister-in-law says: we would take half a year to pay it back my elder brother says: give your younger sister some rice my sister-in-law says, we could not give it back to the lender. I will not eat your rice, I will not drink your tea. I will only see my mother and then go away. Going out of the gate I have met with a big yellow dog that has torn my apron and has bitten my hand. My patient elder brother, come out and beat the dog.
[* cited from Ｖ053-080.／＝●陳094-102：＞我也不喝你們的酒→我也不喝你們的茶＞]
(108) FROM THE SOUTH COME SECOND BROTHER LU
From the south come Second Brother Lu wearing a hat on one side, he moves in an oblique direction. After entering the second door, he trembles badly, and calls out: my dear wife, don't beat me! I will fry four ounces of pork and cock millet to a full pan. Dear wife, when you finish eating, go and play cards. When the baby awakes, let me take care of him. If you bring the urine basin, I will carry it in both hands if you bring here the silver lamp, I will put it on my head.
[* cited from 平028-013.／＝●陳096-105：＞歪帶草帽橫走着→歪常草帽橫走着＞]
(109) LORD MOON
Lord moon is bright. He goes on horse is bound to the sterculia platanifolia tree the small horse is bound to the branches. He opens the door of the temple to see the goddess. The goddes rubs powder and rouge on her face the God of War is out of temper. The goddess wears flowers on her head, and the God is bare-footed.
[* cited from 平034-016 with some changes ＞月亮月亮爺→月亮爺，胭脂粉→胭脂粉兒.，鬍子嘴→鬍子嘴兒＞. These changes were not enough to be recognized it as a variation. Streculia platanifolia is now generally named Firmiana platanifolia or F.simplex. This lat.name would be cited from the comment of Ｖ141-190.／＝●陳097-106.]
(110) A LITTLE RED BOY
A little red boy carries red earth at last he arrives at Ching Kiang Pu. He goes ashore and visits his mother-in-law. He has interviwed his father and mother-in-law, but not interviewed her (his fiancee). Suddenly he has caught sight of her through the bamboo curtain. Her face is like a silver tray and she has good hair. The boy returns home and tells his mother to mortage his house and sell his land to marry her.
[* cited from 平025-012.／＝陳098-107.]
(111) GOING FROM THE EAST SLOPE TO THE WEST SLOPE
Going from the east slope to the west slope, I pick up an old padded shoe. After returning home, I put a pan over the fire, and fry four ounces of mutton. My wife eats and drinks. When my wife is in good temper, I stand up when my wife is angry, I kneel down. I put an oil lamp on my head I hold an urine pot in my hands. When the baby awakes, I take care of him.
[* 1st apperaed in 歌1-23,3(1923.6.17)「民歌選錄―京兆」,cited to 平026-013.／＝陳099-108.]
(112) WE KEEP A PIG FOR MEAT
If we keep a pig, it is in order to enjoy a good piece of meat if we keep a dog, it is in order to have him watch the house if we keep a cat, it is to have him catch the mice but to keep a maid like you, what is the use of it?
[* 1st appeared in Ｖ152-197, also cited in CMG005-011. Judging from its translation, this case would be cited from Vitale's collection.／＝陳100-109.]
(113) JOY, JOY
Joy, Joy, sells cool bean-flour but he has broken the sauce jar, and has forfeited his capital. Now he has married a wife, who has only one leg(or, he is very happy with her).
[* cited from Ｖ153-198. ／＝陳101-110.]
(114) LITTLE YUAR
Little Yuar, little Yuar, now let us play let us kick the balls or play at rackets, and go to the Second Canal Lock. When we shall have taken a meal, and when we shall have drunk tea, we will go back home. Now, let us play!
[* cited from Ｖ110-149. ／＝陳102-111.]
(115) THE FATHER MOON
The father moon is so bright! I open the back door to wash my linen. I wash it white and I starch it white but my husband after having marriage me is thrifty with his money. He likes to drink wine he likes to play cards, and likes too a great pile of cakes and buns, and brown flouer biscuits, which cost two big cash each. But here living by us there is a neighbour, Chiang the third, who knows how to live well, because he has got green boots, and a green hat, and a green garment, and a green jacket.
[* Perhaps, cited from Ｖ111-150 with some changes＞娶了個媳婦兒不存財→嫁了個丈夫不存財＞ Vitale's version said "娶了個媳婦兒…" in chinese,but he translated it as " my husband after having marriage me …". I think there would be a confusion in the memories of the original singer. For this song have two kind of variations which treat the "husband" and "wife". Actually, there're some variations which had the phrases sung as "嫁了個丈夫…"(see 歌1-37,1 廿省6-51,31,etc.) like this case. But no case was seen in the variations which appeared "姜三哥" and follows, without Ｖ111 and this case. However such variation would be sung, I couldn't regard this case was one of those. It should not beyond an adaption which made up from a piece collected by Vitale. ／＝●陳103-112.]
(116) THE COCK CROWING
The cock crowing, has jumped on the heap of grass. Every year he bears seven or eight times. The good ones he has all sold only a bald-headed small girl is left. If he lets her wash the vats, she washes there the bottom of the trousers if he lets her wash the ricepot, the washes there her footbands it he lets her wash the saucers she washes her face in the saucers if he lets her sweep the ground, she runs away towards the south to look at the grain fields. When she has seen that the grain is yellow, she comes back home.
[* cited from Ｖ112-152 with a change＞崩到南邊兒看穀地→奔到南邊兒看穀地＞ This change could be a properly revision.／＝●陳104-113.]
(117) NEAN THE PING-TSO-MEN THEY DRAW LONG BOWS
Near the Ping-tso-men they draw long bows, next there is temple Ch'ao-tien-kung "Ch'ao-t'ien-kung" is written on the temple in big characters, next there is the temple of the White Pagoda in the White Pagoda people come to give Buddha a red jacket, next there is the Horse Market Bridge near the Horse Marcket Bridge, take three jumps, and there is the temple of Ti-wang near this temple, shake the gourd, next there are the Four Arches at the east of the four arches, and at the west of the four arches, and under the four arches old clothes are sold you ask how much for these old clothes? You strike a light smoke a pipe. You go on and get to the "Corner of the Mao family" near the "Corner of the Mao family" one is picked by a thorn, after that comes the "Temple for the Protection of the State" near the "Temple for the Protection of the State" they sell large willow-pecks, after that there comes the "Mouth of the New Streets" near the "Mouth of the New Streets", they sell sugar sticks, after that is the "House of the Chiang family" in the "House of the Chiang family" they fit together smoking pipes, after that there is the "Temple of Old Lady Wang" Old Lady Wang gnaws the peel of a melon, next comes the powder factory near the powder factory they sell steelneedles, after that there is the wall the wall is of the same lenght on both sides, after that comes a nest of turtles. In fine weather they warm that shells in the sunshine, and in bad weather they spring in the broth-pot.
[* cited from Ｖ114-155 with some changes omitted [兒]s were directly supplised in the verses as above. "馬布橋"(ma-bu-qiao) were erred from "馬市橋(ma-shi-qiao)". This error was derived from Vitale's collection. And he wrote it in his illustlation as the later expression, and translated as the "Horse-mart-bridge". See also 張050-099 "東直門掛着匾…".／＝●陳105-114.＞毛家灣(Corner of the Mao family)→郝家灣(Corner of the Hau family)，蔣家房→江家房，過去就是王奶奶→過去就是王娘廟，王奶奶啃西瓜皮→王娘娘啃西瓜皮＞ first 2 cases would be changes had political intent by Taiwanese.]
(118) THE PAIR ENTER THE CHAMBER
The pair enter the chamber: the husband and the wife are at one side, sitting in the chairs, and looking at the embroidered curtain. The husband says: how much did you pay for it? The wife says: I paid no money I myself embroidered on it, a phoenix with wings spreading out, skillful birds perching on the tree, and lotus flowers floating on the water.
[* cited from 平020-010.／＝陳106-116.]
(119) THE OIL-LAMP WIRE
With the oil lamp wire he takes away the burned wick. my grandfather has married a second wife. Her feet are big and her mouth is distorted. "Grandmother,grandmother, go away when my grandfather is well, then you come back." My grandfather has recovered, and my grandmother has made good her escape.
[* Perhaps 1st appeared in 歌1-23,6(1923.6.17)「兒歌選錄―直隷」, and cited to 平021-011 with a line lost. Many variations had collected,but no case I have ever seen which lost those part without these cases. ／＝●陳107-117.]
(120) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS A HIGH TOWER
On a very high mountain there is a high tower. Two girls go there to comb their hair. The eldest sister combs her hair into a "coiled dragon chignon" the second sister combs her hair into a "rivalling flowers tower chignon" the third sister has no other way of combing her hair, and combs in a ruffled way(a lion which rolls an embroidered ball). The first sister sits on a golden stool the second sister sits on a silver stool there remains the third sister who has nothing to sit on, and sits on a stone-mill. The first sister folds in her arms a golden baby the second sister folds in her arms a silver baby the third sister has nothing to fold in the arms, and folds a forked branch.
[* cited from Ｖ076-108. ／＝陳108-118.]
(121) CAMEL, CAMEL, KNEEL DOWN
Camel, camel, kneel down, a turtle is your elder brother camel, camel, make a salute, a turtle is your wife camel, camel, sniff, a turtle is your sister-in-law.
[* cited from Ｖ077-110.]
(122) PURPLE OR NOT PURPLE
Purple or not purple, the big fruit of the egg-plant? In the eighth moon Lord Rabbit is worshipped. With white cakes, brown cakes, the picture of the moon is worshipped and placed in the middle. The soy beans are in disorder the cockcomb flowers are of the deepest red the peel of the melon offered to the moon is dark. The Lord moon eats and laughs heartily. To-night the moonlight is brighter than usual.
[* cited from Ｖ115-159. ／＝陳109-119.]
(123) THE LUCUST CART AND THE THIRD BROTHER
The locust cart and the third brother. When I the girl sit down in the cart, my mother also weeps. I cry out: mother, mother do not weep. Wait till the third aunt sits also and then weep. On the sesamum-tree there hangs a bell. Thinking of my aunt my thought travels as quickly as a gust of wind thinking of my aunt I am striking the door-bell at home, where the caltrops open their flowers there you may look for them. Only those can understand me who long so for their mother.
[* cited from Ｖ117-162. ／＝陳110-120.]
(124) O,MY MOTHER!
O, my mother! I have reached the age of eighteen. Others have been married in sedan chairs, why am I not yet married in a cart?
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-3,2(1922 12.31)「我們什麽要研究歌謠」,and sometimes cited again in the same magazine.And afterwards also cited to 平011-007. This editor had omitted the interjections(呀 and 啦) at the end of each verses in the original versions. A variation collected in 灤平(熱河) was seen in『中國民謠選集』(許牧野 1971) which the 2nd and the last verses were changed:"…我今年一十八…何我還不拿馬車拉？".／＝●陳111-121.＞我今年全十八→我今年快十八＞ now I don't know a variation which changed as so.]
(125) LITTLE LADY
Little lady, how old are you? You will soon be married. A pair of dragon flags, a pair of phoenix flags, gold melons, halberds, axes, and strrups looking towards the sky blocks of powder, incense tips, two hundred pieces of rouge pads chairs covered with tiger's skin, ivory bed-steads, and a box full of red, embroidered shoes.
[* cited from 平015-008.／＝陳112-122.]
(126) SMALL SAN'R
Small San'r, small San'r, what dress are you wearing? I have got dark crape trousers, and a white shirt on the white shirt are embroidered "dog's teeth." On the head I have a row of standing hair, and some small braids a dark tassel for my pigtail, and my pigtail is plaited very tight. On the left of my hair I have stuck a tuberose, and on the right a head of sweet basil. I have too white socks with no seam, and my shoes have leather strings as thin as a thread.
[* cited from Ｖ118-164. ／＝陳113-123.]
(127) FROM OUTSIDE THE WALL HE THROWS SLICES OF PUDDING
From outside the wall he throws slices of pudding, the dates and the long beans all fall to the ground from outside the wall he throws lumps of bricks, and has broken the girl's Manchu headgear from outside the wall he throws bank-notes, how does he know that the girl has no means?
[* cited from Ｖ119-165. ／＝陳114-124.]
(128) THE WINDOWER IS LONELY
The windower is lonely. When the windower is sick, who will cook soup for him? The windower is misarable. When his clothes are torn, who will mend them? The windower is happy. When he has eaten enough, the whole family does not feel hungry.
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-23,3(1923.6.17)「民歌選錄―京兆」,cited to 平007-005 with some changes歌1-23＞盌→碗，喫飽→喫飽了＞平007＞. ／＝陳115-125.]
(129) THE BIG PERSIMMON
The big persimmon is red. Every woman loves her husband. White water-peara are sold in the street. Every man loves his wife.
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-23,3(1923.6.17)「民歌選錄―京兆」,cited to 平009-006. ／＝陳116-126.]
(130) THE SMALL BOY
The small boy is sitting outside the door on the stone-seat weeping and wailing he wants to have a wife. When he has got a wife, what will he do with her? When the lamp is lighted he will have a chat with her when then the lamp is out, he will keep company with her and the next morning after getting up she will comb his small pigtail.
[* cited from Ｖ026-044.／＝陳117-127.]
(131) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE LIVES A FAMILY
On a very high mountain there lives a family of the ten rooms in the building nine are in ruin. The old man goes out leaning on a stick, and the wife walks painfully and bent to the ground. The dog which watches the house has only three legs the wild cat which does not catch the mice is without a tail.
[* cited from Ｖ027-045.／＝陳118-128.]
(132) OLD LADY
Pld lady, you need not be greedy. The new year will arrive after the 18th day of the 12th moon. Several days after you eat the gruel of the festival, will come the 23th day. On the 23th day sugar sticks are offered for sacrifice on the 24th day the house is swept clean on the 25th day we fry bean-curd on the 26th day we stew pork and mutton on the 27th day we kill cocks and hens on the 28th day we raise the vermicelli on the 29th day we make bread on the 30th day we sit the whole through on the first day of the new year we take a walk in the street.
[* Perhaps adapted up from 平005-004＞二十五炸了烙炸炸豆腐→二十五炸豆腐，二十六調了豬肉調羊肉→二十六燉豬肉調羊肉＞ These changes would be made for the sake of comforming with the cases in 張027-053. There've seen some variations which simulared with this. But I cannot recognized this was an variation. ]
(133) THE AUTUMN WIND
It will become colder and colder after the autumn wind begins to blow. More frost will come after the white dew appears. Cold frost only bites the one-rooted grass, and the grass-hopper is dead on the stalk of the grass.
[* 1st appeared in 歌1-34,8(1923.11.25)「兒歌之研究(續)」, and cited to 平006-005. ／＝陳119-129.]
(134) YOUNG LADY, IF YOU WANT TO EAT VERMICELLI
Young lady, if you want to eat vermicelli, we will go to see the old Tuan for you, who has flat vermicelli, and thin vermicelli and "curtain sticks" vermicelli. Young lady, if you want to eat meat, we will go to the old Six's for you. He has got good loin and good haunch of mutton, both fat and lean meat. Young lady, if you want to eat pear-jam, we must also boil it in white sugar it is really melting in the mouth and so crisp and what a big slice of it! Young lady, if you want to drink bean decoction, then we must go to the old Shanhsi man's. How sour it is! How bitter it is! and how sour the salt cucumbers taken with it! Young lady, if you want to eat sweet potatoes, we will go to the old Five's, who has there large slices of sweet potatoe pulp, which smell like chestnuts.
[* cited from Ｖ031-049 with some change＞眞肥瘦→眞肥眞瘦，黃穰兒→黃瓤兒 It seem that the latter case was proper, but the first case had already commented in the sourse text as "眞肥瘦 chen1 fei2 shou4,really there are both fat and lean, that is very good meat-a buyer going to the butcher's shop, if not particularly wishing to get more fat or more lean, calls the meat he wants 肥瘦 fei2 shou4 that is fat and lean together. So the phrase 你給我一斤肥瘦兒 ni3 kei3 uo3 i1 chin1 fei2 shou4'r, means give me a pound of good meat.". So, I can't think it was right or properly. And both in the source text and this case originally expressed "old Tuan(段)" by the letters of "叚(jia3)". It had erred by Vitale and this editor would just cited so. ／＝●陳120-130: so digged the further grave. except the 1st burden, "哼(heng)哎喲" were changed to "啍(tun)哎喲".]
(135) AS SOON AS I HAVE GONE OUT
As soon I have gone out, the weather has become cloudy. Folding my arms on my breast I enter a tea-shop. I lean against the brick stove, and look for a friend from whom I may beg some money. As I go out of the tea-shop, here flakes are falling. The old gentleman in the sky only likes to make sport with us poor people.
[* cited from Ｖ032-052.／＝陳121-132.]
(136) THE PURSE
The purse, the purse, I have become a relation of the purse. The pure family's girl knows how to dress her hair, and has taken as much time to comb it as is required for the wheat to get ripe, for the sesamum to be ground and made into oil, for the cucumber to grow on the bowers, and for the brinjal fruit to be swung by the wind.
[* cited from Ｖ033-053. This translation was lost the part of "麥子磨成麵". Vitale translated it as "for the wheat to be ground and made into flour". see also 張146-291. ／＝陳122-133.]
(137) ON THE HUNCHBACK BRIDGE
On the hunchback bridge, one step is higher than the other under the bridge the leaves of the lantern grass float on the water. The goldfish run after the silverfish and bite their tails, and the toads with big bellies cry kurkua kurkua.
[* cited from Ｖ034-055 with an error＞燈籠兒閘草水皮兒漂(surface)→燈籠兒閘草水底兒漂(bottom)＞ for both English translations said this phrase as"float on the water", it would be simply error by the editor or mis-printing. ／＝●陳123-134.]
(138) THIS FAT BOY
This fat boy has many toys: a clay puppet, and a small cart, and a great string of paper flowers. and sugar-gourds stuffed with fruits.
[* cited from Ｖ170-219.／＝陳124-135.]
(139) HERE IS A GILT-EDGED TABLE FOR EIGHT PEOPLE
Here is a gilt-edged table for eight people small moon cakes are put on it pomegranates are placed on the left, and dates on the right big peaches are in the middle. There are small purple pears, red persimmons, with chest-nuts in the middle. The ends of the bean-pods are pointed. There are also small water melons, which are cut into pieces like the petals of the lotus flowers. Peace is preserved for the four seasons of the year.
[* cited from 平003-003. ／＝陳125-136.]
(140) THE FIRST SMALL YOUNG LADY
You the first small young lady, and I the second small young lady, you play on the fiddle, and I strike the iron. When we have gained money, we will put it in the waist we will buy a rush basket and will go to see our adopted father. Our adopted father has a red fringed hat, and our adopted mother has shoes with a thick sole. At every step, the creaking is heard the butterflies embroidered on the shoes are of duck's egg colour.
[* cited from Ｖ103-142 with a change:＞乾兒穿着厚底兒鞋→乾娘穿着厚底兒鞋＞.I think this revision was "right". but the editor had maken it throught the full comparation or not,doubtfuly. see my note in Ｖ103-142.／＝●陳126-137.]
(141) THE BRIDE IS TEN YEARS AND MORE
The bride is ten years and more the mother-in-law wants to take her home. A pair of dragon flags, a pair of phoenix flags, and gilt melons, gilt axes, and reversed stirrups. The bride wears small red shoes, and she jumps on the table and then on the bench.
[* cited from Ｖ104-143. see also 張125-249.]
(142) YOUR MOTHER "SEVEN"
Your mother "seven," your mother "eight," your mother has small feet with opening yellow flowers. A tour to the left, and a tour to the right, your mother is in a family way. How old is the baby? He can walk. Your mother is again in a family way.
[* cited from Ｖ078-111 with a change＞我媽八→你媽八，多大了曾走了→多大了會走了＞ first case would be considered as come from the translation in the source text. for only I have not seen such other variations, I couldn't decide those variations were actually sung or not. second case would be a "right" revision to misprint in the source text.／＝●陳127-138.]
(143) THE LEAVES OF THE PEACH TREE ARE POINTED
The leaves of the peach tree are pointed the lotus leaves are round. The gardenia opens its flowers and calls the peony flower the cactus holds in its hands the three cornered sedge the hollyhock flower opens and receives a good many blows from the "tyrant's whip".
[* cited from Ｖ079-112.／＝陳128-139.]
(144) I BLOW THE COW'S HORN
I blow the cow's horn an embroidered chair comes to carry my elder sister. My elder brother will drive the cart my second aunt will eat the feast my daughter will pack the trunk his wife will make the fire.
[* cited from CMG129-143 with some changes＞牛犄角→牛觭角＞ Whole cases were only changing their letters and not changed for them pronunciation. I think it not so problem. And this translation was editor's original. When compared with Headland's verses, it differed to treat the word "姑娘". He tlanslated it as "my sister", but this editor translated as "my daughter". It derived from the differ of their explanation of these charactors relation in the family.／＝陳129-140.]
(145) DRAW THE SAW
Draw the saw, pull the saw, saw the wood, build houses. The grandmother and her family go to fetch the bride. A large mat shed is raised, in which a play is performed. They come to take home the married daughters, and to invite their husbands. Little nephew, do you want also to go?
[* cited from Ｖ001-001.／＝陳130-141.]
(146) THE PURSE
The purse, the purse, I am now a relation of the purse family their daughter has grown dangerously sick, and they have called a physician who has felt her pulse, and then has written a prescription, and people have gone to buy the medicines. On the prescription there is written: mosquitoes' galls, fleas' hearts, and half a pound of flies'wings.
[* cited from Ｖ038-059 with some changes＞褡連兒撘→褡連兒褡＞ see also 張136-271.／＝陳131-142.]
(147) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS A SMALL TEMPLE
On a very high mountain there is a small temple, and inside sits a spirit. He wears on his head a crape-hat, and wears on his body a long gown. Two small devils go in front shouting for room four small devils bear the rattan chair. He has gone out for a stroll to make an inspection and then returning comes back to the temple.
[* cited from Ｖ042-064. see also 張073-145.]
(148) IN THE TEMPLE OF MOUNT TAI-SHAN
In the temple of Mount Tai-shan, under the east veranda, under the east verandah there is an earth mound, on which squats a turtle with golden eyes and a shell covered with green moss. From the south has come a devil, bearing on his shoulders a load of water. He lays down the water, picks up a stick, and only strikes the legs of the turtle with golden eyes and the shell covered with moss.
[* cited from Ｖ035-056.／＝陳132-143.]
(149) THE FIRST LADY DRINKS WINE
The first lady drinks wine the second lady warms the wine the third lady comes bringing in small saucers with salted vegetables the fourth lady comes and goes serving the dishes the fifth lady at the side arranges the places. She says that every body has come for a complete meeting, to play at guessfingers, to play at allusions game, and to be merry.
[* cited from Ｖ036-057 with a change＞二娘子簁→二娘子篩，四娘子來回的去端菜→四娘子來回去端菜＞ the first case was only differ on the letter style. the second one could not be judged as a revision or error. 'cause the version which "的" was inserted in this phrase was only seen in Vitale's collection. ／＝●陳133-144.]
(150) FROM THE SOUTH CAME A BALDHEADED GIRL
From the south came a baldheaded girl. She held upon her arm a broken basket therein were sheep bones. She stretched out her hands for the bones, and sent them to her mouth to gnaw. From the opposite side there came a big monkey, to plunder the bones. It was followed by a big spotted dog it would bite the monkey. On the ground there was a piece of brick the girl stumbled down over it the contents in the basket fell out the dog bit the monkey the girl broke the basket.
[* cited from CMG112-123 with a change＞地下有個破磚頭→地下有塊破磚頭＞. It seems to be a grammatical modification by the editor. But I can't regard it as a proper revision. ／＝●陳134-145.]
Thistle-seed, thistle-seed, it is full of white hair it is blown high by the wind it is not hurt when it falls to the ground.
[* cited from CMG114-125.／＝陳135-146.]
(152) A NEWLY-MADE TEA KETTLE IS VERY BRIGHT
A newly-made tea kettle is very bright a newly-bought small pig does not eat husks of grain a newly-married wife does not take food she weeps profusely and thinks of her mother.
[* cited from Ｖ043-065. see also 張096-191.]
(153) ENTERING THE GATE, HOW MERRY IT IS!
Entering the gate, how marry it is! In the courtyard they have raised a big shed. In the bridal room the lamp is lighted. The bride in a corner is weeping bitterly the bridegroom repeatedly calls to her, and says: if you do not take some food, my heart will ache.
[* cited from Ｖ044-066 with a change＞新郎不住的來回觀→新郎不住的來回叫＞ I think this change was come from the English translation in the source text. the editor wanted to adopt the verse for its translation("see" to "call"). I can't agree with this revision. for it is strange that the verse "說" followed close behind of "叫". but I can't decide which this change is proper or not. for I have not know another variation of these.／＝●陳136-147.]
(154) THE SCARRED-EYED FELLOW WENT TO THE FAIR
A scarred-eyed fellow went to the fair. He picked up a turnip and thought it was a sweep pear he bit it it was bitter. What a pity if he threw it away!
[* cited from CMG110-120.／＝陳137-148.]
(155) YOU BLIND MAN
You blind man, you blind man, I will carry you with sticks, and throw you into the river for the frogs to eat. The frogs stretch out their heads, and bite your toes.
[* cited from CMG111-121.／＝陳138-149.]
(156) THE SMALL MOHAMMEDAN
The small Mohammedan, how deceitful he is! To buy only four ounces of pork, he is weighing for a good half-day. Now he complains it is little and then he complains again it is little then folding in his arms a pig's head he runs home.
[* cited from Ｖ046-068 with a change:＞左嫌小→左嫌少＞.no probrems.／＝陳140-153.]
(157) ONE, TWO
One, two, let us strike alternately three blows five flowery sticks, count the cash, six chisels, seven ingots of silver let us strike as long as two chang and one foot. Two, what two? Horses shoes. Two, what two? A pair of squeezing sticks. A pair, what pair? The tiger bears a gun on its shoulders. Tiger, what tiger? A drum covered with ox skin. Ox, what ox? An empty ball(?) Ko, what Ko? A swallow's nest. Swallow, what swallow? Pull the flowery thread. Pull, what pull? Sun pin pulls. Sun,what Sun? Lu Tung Pin. Lu, what Lu? The lame genius Chueh Kuai'r Li. Chueh, what Chueh? The god of the cooking stoves. Stove, what stove? The god protector of the city. City, what city? The belly aches. Belly, what belly? Shake the pumpkin. Shake, what shake? Snow-flakes are whirling round. Snow, what snow? The monkey Sun beats Chu Pa Chieh.
[* cited from Ｖ047-069 with some changes＞虎扛槍→虎槓槍，瘸枴兒李→瘸拐李＞ ／＝●陳139-150 with one more change(error?):＞花棍兒五銅錢數→花銅兒五銅錢數＞.]
(158) THE INDUSTRIOUS LADY IS VERY NICE
The industrious lady is very nice no dirt can be seen in her house the food she cooks is clean and fit for a king her clothes are neat and hair is smooth.
[* cited from CMG098-107. "賍(zang1--stolen)" in the 2nd phrase would be thought to mis-written of "脏(zang1--dust,dirt)" in the source text. ／＝●陳141-153:＞賍在家裏老不見→髒 在家裏老不見＞."髒"＝"賍".]
(159) A BOY STEALS PINS AND THREAD
If a boy steals pins and thread, a pimple will grow in his eye for others to look at if one steals cats and dogs, a pimple will grow in his eye for others to see.
[* cited from CMG108-117.／＝陳142-154.]
(160) LITTLE BABY
Little baby, little baby, come and play with me we kick the ball and strike the ball we call at Erh Cha. You eat my food, and drink my tea. I call you to play at ball with me, but you do not play at ball with me.
[* cited from CMG007-013 with changes:＞叫你踉我打桿你不跟我打桿→叫你踉我打桿兒你不跟我打桿兒＞ for "兒" was not seen in the sourse text would be thought that adjusting for its layout on the original page. so,I think this change was properly. see also my note of variation CMG007-013. see also 張114-227. ／＝●陳143-155.]
Lady-bug, lady-bug, fly, fly to the south mountain to feed upon dew. When it has drunk enough, then it runs away.
[* Cited from CMG022-031 with some changes. Editor had quoted this from there was also certain for he translated "蟲" to "lady-bug". It was same in the Headland's translation, and it was originally adapted them with their custom rhymes addressed to the lady-bird. Originally "喝(drink)" were said as "喫(eat)". This editor would intend to adjust them for "right" grammar. Really, the expression of "eat the dew" is something strange, but firstly they were sung to the baby who can not speak well. So,it also consider as a childish expression. Secondly, many of other variations, the part "喫露" were "喫米" or "喫白米." Accordingry, it's also probable that they were originally "喫". I think, this is the most worst case of revision without comparison and consideration by the rule of Folklore. ／＝●陳144-156.]
(162) THE EMPEROR OF CHIN
The Emperor Shih-huang of Chin built the Great Wall. The top of the wall was low, and the steps were short, to prevent the Tartars from crossing. There was Meng Chiang Nu, who came from a thousant miles away to find her husband, then wept in front of the wall, wept and cried: O Heaven! And at her tears the side of the wall fell down.
[* cited from Ｖ135-184 with a change＞砌(qi4)城牆→築(zhu4)城牆，韃子→達子＞ it could be realized why the editor had changed them, but I could not regard they were properly. ／＝●陳145-157.]
(163) VERY EXTRAORDINARY
Very extraordinary, change a sword the sword does not cut, hash vegetables their leaves are green, change a bow the bow has no head, change an ox the ox has no scales, change a horse the horse has no saddle, go to the south hills in the southern hills there is a nest of hares, from which we take the skin to make a pair of trousers.
[* cited from Ｖ136-185 with changes＞葉兒青→菜兒青，換把弓→換張弓＞ first case would be properly revision. but second change have some problems. so, those strange grammar were often seen in these nonsence rhymes, its not necessary to change. For example,in a variation cited in『北平歌謠續集』(続176-082) said these part as "買個弓". ／＝●陳146-158.]
(164) YOU BALDHEAD
You baldhead, you baldhead, we will put a hoop around your head. With the oil we press out thereby we will fry bean-curd. When the beancurd is brown, he sees the King of Hades. The king has an iron hat on his head the baldhead is so frightened that he suffers from fever.
[* cited from CMG023-032.／＝陳147-159.]
(165) LITTLE SNAIL
Little snail, little snail, first stick out your horns and then your head. Your father and mother bring roasted mutton to you. If you do not eat, I will not keep it for you. Where is the snail? It is at the back of the tomb.
[* cited from CMG025-035.／＝●陳148-160. no problems on its quotation of verse. but it's doubtly that this editor knows "水牛兒" is meant as "snail" in Peking dialect. so he translated it as "little water-buffalo", and more, inserted a pretty illustlation of "buffalo".]
(166) THERE IS A SMALL GIRL WHO DOES NOT FEEL ASHAMED
There is a small girl who does not feel ashamed, and calls the flower seller her own uncle. Uncle, uncle, give me a flower of the red pomegranate, I will put it in my bosom I will put it in my sleeve and all the ground shall be strown with flowers.
[* cited from Ｖ085-121.／＝●陳149-161:＞管着賣花的叫舅舅→管賣花的叫舅舅＞.]
(167) THERE WAS A SMALL BALDHEADED MAN WHOSE NAME WAS KAO
There is small bald-headed man whose name was Kao. He went to burn incense on the first and fifteenth(of every month). People burn incense to get a son or a daughter, but this baldheaded man burns incense to make his hair grow. After three days the hair did grow, and he burns incense, nd dresses the God with a new jacket. But after another three days his hair fell off then he upset the Kuanti statue and placed him against a stand to burn him. Kuanti seeing that was awfully irritated he took up his great halberd and split the man's head into two ladles.
[* 1st appeared in Ｖ086-122 also cited in CMG106-115. Judging from his translation, he'd cited it from the first with an error＞拿起大刀就開瓢→拿起大刀就開飄＞.／＝●陳150-162:＞到了三天毛掉了→又到了三天毛掉了，拿起大刀就開飄→拿起大刀就開瓢＞ last change was so properly. but the first, could not be understood for its intent.]
(168) MY BROTHER WATERMAN, LISTEN TO ME
My brother waterman, listen to me. You have often been to the south. In clear days you draw water with diligence in cloudy days you become lazy and do noting.
[* cited from CMG026-036. see also 張037-073.／＝陳151-163.]
(169) THE OLD COW IS SILENT AND SAD EVERY DAY
The old cow is silent and sad every day. At night cold wind blows at her shed. Her skin is used for heading drums that are beaten with sticks her bones are made into hair pins for dividing the hair small pieces of bones are made into dice her flesh is cut and put into a soup pot.
[* cited from CMG031-040.／＝陳152-164.]
(170) AN INCENSE BURNER
An insence burner, an earthen ware lamp, the gentleman has married a lady, who does not comb her hair, does not work, is gluttonous and lazy and likes nothing but drinking. The husband has no way of correcting her, and is so angry that he trembles, and says: I will beat you stupid old woman!
[* cited from Ｖ072-105. ／＝陳153-165.]
(171) THE LITTLE LADY WITH SMALL FEET
The little lady with the small feet likes to eat sugar but she has no money to buy it, and sits cross-legged and weep for a good while.
[* cited from Ｖ075-107. also cited in CMG002-008.／＝陳154-166.]
(172) UPON ENTERING ALL WAS PITCH DARK
Upon entering all was pitch dark, because first the copper basin had been pawned and then the lamp too. Going inside I perceived I was in a nest of mouse-like elves and just when I was saying, alas! here the wall is coming down!
[* cited from Ｖ108-147.／＝●陳155-167:＞說一聲不好牆要咕咚(yao gu-dong)→說一聲不好牆要咕咚蹋平(yao gu-dong-ta-ping)＞ I can't realize why. for I have not know further variation of this. but from their rhymes, it seems to be not properly.]
(173) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS A HIGH TOWER
On a very high mountain there is a high tower. A man is combing there as a womam. The first candidate approved at the examinations rejoices in vain and loving husband and wife will never come to a point.
[* cited from Ｖ109-148. Vitale did not commented on this verse. A riddle. suggested to a charactor in the Chinese Opera.／＝陳156-168. ]
(174) THE CROW RESTS ON THE TREE
The crow rests on the tree it opens its mouth and calls out: "Old Wang, Old Wang, behind the mountain there is a big sheep if you kill it, you eat its flesh and I eat its bowels."
[* cited from CMG032-041.／＝●陳157-169：＞張開口就招呼→一張開口就招呼＞ I can't understand this intent.]
(175) ALL OF A SUDDEN I HEARD A MAN BITING A DOG OUTSIDE THE DOOR
All of a sudden I heard a man biting a dog outside the door I raised the door and opened my hands I picked up the dog to strike a brick my hand was bitten by the brick I mounted on a chair, and raised up a horse. I blew on a drum, and beat on a horn.
[* cited from CMG038-046.／＝陳158-170.]
(176) THE SMALL GIRL
The small girl knows how to watch the house. She steals brown rice, and barters it for sesamum seeds. The sesamum seeds are small. Then a sweet cake, a date-dumpling, and a roasted cake, the small girl feels so overeaten that she calls for her grandmother.
[* cited from Ｖ066-098 with an error:＞油&M075478;蜜→油&M075478;密＞／＝●陳159-171.]
(177) HOW ELEGANT IS THE PAGODA!
How elegant is the pagoda! How the pagoda is elegant! The elegant pagoda has thirteen stories. Before the pagoda there is a temple in the temple there is an old bonz the old bonze acts as abbot, and has by himself six pupils. One is called Ch'ing T'ou Leng one is called Leng T'ou Ch'ing one is called Seng Seng Tien one is Tien Tien Seng one is Pen Hu Lu Pa one is Pa Hu Lu Pen. Ch'ing T'ou Leng can strike the musical stone Leng T'ou Ch'ing can play the pipe Seng Seng Tien can play the flute Tien Tien Seng can strike the bell P'en Hu Lu Pa can recite a sermon and Pa Hu Lu Pen can read the sacred books.
[* already appeared in Ｖ067-098. 12th and 13th phrase were changed:＞一個奔葫蘆把 一個把葫蘆奔→一個是奔葫蘆把 一個是把葫蘆奔＞／＝●陳160-172:＞愣→楞＞]
(178) THIS BABY IS VERY MISCHIEVOUS
This baby is very mischievous. We will send you to the sourh marsh to look after the melon patch. Before the melon are ripe, you must not come back.
[* cited from CMG046-054＞陶氣→淘氣，叫你才回去→才叫你回去＞／＝●陳161-073.]
(179) THE BIG BELLIED FELLOW
The big bellied fellow once opened up a pawn shop he had no capital, so he had sold his trousers.
[* cited from CMG063-071＞舖子→鋪子，袴子→褲子＞ These changes were only on their letter style. not so problem.／＝●陳162-174:＞賣褲子→當褲子＞]
(180) WITH THE OIL LAMP WIRE
With the oil-lamp wire, he takes away the burned wick. My grandfather has got for himself a bald wife. She is squint-eyed, and has a crooked mouth. My grandfather is so struck with anger that he always stares stupidly.
[* cited from Ｖ016-027. see also 張119-237.／＝陳163-175.]
(181) THE BRIDE IS THE POMEGRANATE FLOWER
The bride is the pomegranate flower the husband is the jasmin. The curtains are covered with flowers of the hibiscus mutabilis the bed is covered with embroidered flowers the pillow is covered with flowers of cymbidium ensifolium the coverlet is spread with peony flowers the mattress is strewn with geranium flowers, which are in disorder. They call the autumn chrysanthemum and the flower of the pyrus spectabilis to sweep the floor. Here miss poppy has entered the room. There are two mirrors with frames inlaid with silver. She combs her hair as perfumed as the cassia flower then she rubs her face with white cosmetic powder, with the smell of the funkia subcordata. She marks a red spot on her lips, as scented as petals of the peach blossom she wears a big red overcoat, and a petticoat so long that it sweeps the ground. Then she calls the pine flower that it may sweep the floor the pine flower begins to sweep the floor and a lily odour is smelt. The leaves of the sagittaria sagittifolia are pointed the leaves of the lotus blossom are round. The plant of immortality opening the flowers embraces the tree peony the narcissus opens the flowers and odour is as far as ten li the gardenia opens the flowers and the sister-in-law looks tward south.
[* cited from Ｖ017-028 with a change＞百合花香→百合花兒香＞／＝●陳164-176.]
(182) TWO SISTERS WENT TO THE EAST OF THE CITY
Two sisters went to the east of the city. They went to take a walk in the green feild, and at the same time to fly kites. The elder sister flew up a spotted butterfly, and a movable centipede. It was floating in the air, just like a dragon.
[* cited from CMG064-072. No changes and errors on its quotation. But this verse originally had some problems in its source text. See my footnote in CMG064-072. If the editor considered these words calmly. He could know, generaly a man could not control two kites at the same time. ／＝●陳165-178. ]
(183) DON'T BE AFRAID
Don't be afraid, don't be afraid! Your mother will put trousers and jacket on you. Don't cry, don't cry! Your mother will put pantaloons and coat on you.
[* cited from CMG070-077.／陳166-179.]
(184) AS SOON AS I CAME OUT OF MY GATE, WHAT AN AUSPICIOUS SIGHT!
As soon as I came out of my gate, what an unauspicious sight! I saw a hare which was drawing in its breath. I was just going to take the gun and shoot, when looking more closely, I found it was a man who had been taken short.
[* cited from Ｖ106-145 with a change＞看了一看→看了看＞.／＝●陳167-180.]
(185) THE DRUMS ARE BEATING
The drum are striking she is sitting in the chair, and has gone as far as the second temple. The east of the temple, and the west of the temple, inside there sits a fat cock, which crows, and flies on a heap of straw.
[* cited from Ｖ107-146 with some changes.＞哏哏哏兒→哏兒哏兒＞.]
(186) PEA PUDDING IS MARKED WITH RED SPOTS
Pea pudding is marked with red spots. If a blind man eats it, he will be able to see if a lame man eats it he can walk without a crutch if a baldhead eats it, a cue will grow on his head if a deaf man eats it, he will be able to hear if an old lady eats it, her teeth will never fall.
[* cited from CMG071-079＞老老喫了不掉牙→姥姥喫了不掉牙＞. Originally have a doubt to omit the last phrases, this editor didn't cited those part in his translation. See my note of source text. ／＝●陳168-181.]
(187) THE SMALL PUG DOG
The small pug dog jumps over the south ditch. It has no tail nor hair. It does not bark at strangers, but runs here and there in the rush pond.
[* A riddle. Ans.: a froggie. cited from CMG073-081 with a change＞尾把→尾巴＞ not so problem.／＝陳169-182. I don't think both editor knows "pug dog" is "froggie".]
(188) GUILT WOOD MACE
Glit wood mace, silvered wood mace, the husband strikes the castanets and the wife sings. They have been singing till broad daylight. She has born a child, and there was no place to lay him they have laid him on the kitchen-stove, where he is sipping the rice gravy.
[* cited from Ｖ020-034 with an error＞爺爺兒打板兒→爺爺打板兒＞.／＝●陳170-183.]
(189) DRAW THE CIRCLE
Draw, draw, draw the circle as round as a wheel. At every house-door is hanging a red thread the red thread is thick, drop the sleeve drop as it as far as behind the door behind the door is hanging the swoard the sword is cutting, and is so long that it touches the sky the sky thunders, the dog bites the thief, hsiliuhwala once more!
[* cited from Ｖ021-035.／＝陳171-184.]
(190) MY LITTLE GOLDEN SISTER RIDES A GOLDEN HORSE
My little golden sister rides a golden horse. Refusing to gallop, the golden horse is beaten with a golden whip. In the glass well there is a gold toad. On the sterculia platanifolia tree there is a gold crow. When the door of the temple opens there sits gold Buddha in the gold-plated hands there is a gold-plated girl baby.
[* cited from CMG077-086. "瑠璃井" would not means as "glass well", perhaps it said a well covered with golden tile--"瑠璃瓦".／＝陳172-185. ]
(191) THE MULE IS SOLELY EMPLOYED FOR GOING UP THE HILLS
The mule is solely employed for going up the hills the horse is solely employed for coming down the hills on the smooth ground we use the donkey: it never ought to be beaten.
[* cited from CMG090-098.／＝陳173-186.]
(192) THE BRANCHES OF FIR AND CYPRESS
The branches of fir and cypress are crushed by a stone-roller. I and my elder sister both marry: my elder sister will marry in the mountains of the soush, and I will marry in the northern bogs.
[* cited from Ｖ127-176 with a revision:＞比窪裏→北窪裏＞ this is an error in the source text. ／＝●陳174-187：＞妹妹嫁在北窪裏→妹妹嫁在北窪下＞ if considered from their rhymes, this change was properlly. but there is few variation for decide it was right or not. ]
(193) A SHUTTLE-COCK
A shuttle-cock is kicked up and broken in two pieces. Beat the drum, pick up the shuttle-cock, push inside, push outside the eight genii cross the sea ninety-nine and a hundred.
[* Perhaps cited from Ｖ128-176 with a change＞拍兩瓣兒→踢兩瓣兒＞. instead of "拍(pai)",many of variations says the 2nd phrase as "踢(ti)兩瓣". expect a variation cited in『北平歌謠集』(1928 平138-073). for Vitale noted in his illustration"The shuttle-cok is kicked by boys but the girls push the ball with their hands and this is called 拍 p'ai1." I think this is the "girl's version". and it would be changed by this editor's memory to "boy's version". ／＝●陳175-188：＞一個毽兒踢兩瓣兒→一個鍵兒踢兩瓣兒＞ pronunciation is same. error?]
(194) PEOPLE KNOCK ON THE DOOR
People knock on the door, and the dog barks. I ask once, who is there? The rice seller rides an ass, and bears the rice on his back. He says: do you want coarse rice? Do you want fine rice? Here is rice and husk, and here is winnowed rice.
[* cited from Ｖ129-178 with a change ＞簸凈兒的→簸淨兒的＞ not so problem.／＝陳176-189.]
(195) THE IMPERTINENT YOUNSTER
The impertinent youngster goes hopping and jumping. He has a "candle" toupet on his head. He himself has mastered eight sorts of abilities: he can play at "bell-striking" at foot-ball and also at wood ball.
[* cited from Ｖ130-179＞陶氣→淘氣，打嘎→打嘎兒＞. The first case was not so problem. but the later could not be decided as an error on its source text. so,it should not change easily. ／＝●陳177-190.]
(196) HSUAN TUNG CAME BACK TO THE THRONE
When Hsuan Tung came back to the throne, the baldheads were to be beheaded when Hsuan Tung made good his escape, the baldheads became well.
[* The earliest case which I know was cited in 劉復「謌謠選」(No.145 1919.5.19),collected by 李芳華. "禿頭" was poked fun at 袁世凱.]
(197) NATURAL FEET ARE BIG
Natural feet are big, natural feet are big! In dark and rainy days they fear nothing. Big feet are good, big feet are good! In dark and rainy days they do not stumble.
[* Perhaps also cited from 劉復「謌謠選」(No.52 1918.10.25), collected by 夏薌圃, currented in 武清. Variations are seen in『高陽縣志』(1930) "大脚好…陰天下雨滑不倒，大脚大…陰天下雨不駭怕。" and 『無極縣志』(1935) "大脚大…陰下雨我不怕，大脚好…陰天下雨滑不倒。" ／＝陳178-191.]
(198) ON THE FIR-TREE
On the fir-tree, there is a small bell. My own mother has sold me on board a boat. Here I eat course rice, and fish broth. Taking the rice-bowl to my mouth I think of my mother when I lay down the rice-bowl then I go to the stern rooms and I shed some tears, saying: brothers, sisters, which of us thinks of each other? The care of my mother for me has been as fleeting as a squall of wind, but I think of my mother in my dreams.
[* cited from Ｖ125-173.／＝陳179-192.]
(199) THE YELLOW HARICOT
The yellow haricot is completely round. Bearing a daughter she is worth no money, just as much as two bits of beancurd and two ounces of wine. When we send her to her mother-in-law's house, the mother-in-law says: her feet are large and her face is ugly. The father-in-law says: let her stay,let her stay! She can be useful for boiling tea and cooking food.
[* cited from Ｖ126-175.／＝陳180-193.]
(200) MY SON
My son, my treasure, during the three years that I have not seen you, you have grown so tail! You are riding my horse, taking my sword, bearing on your shoulder my kneading-board and selling slices of pudding.
[* cited from Ｖ133-182.／＝陳181-194.]
(201) THE BEAN SPROUTS
The bean sprouts are dripping with water. Who is the wife who dares to beat her father-in-law? The father-in-law beats her with his stick, and the woman only lets her sleeve down (with anger).
[* cited from Ｖ134-183 with a letter lost：＞誰家的媳婦兒打公公→誰家的媳婦公公＞／＝陳182-195.]
(202) MARRY A MAN
Marry a man. marry a man, and wear gold and silver: marry a husband, marry a husband, and put on clothes and eat food.
[* cited from 劉復「謌謠選」No.71(1919.2.5),collected by 李四杰, currented in 湖北. He commented "嫁人言再醮也." ]
(203) A GIRL SHOULD NOT BE MARRIED TO A STUDENT
A girl should not be married to a student she will be left alone day and night. When her husband gets a high position, he will return with a concubine.
[* Perhaps also cited from 劉復「謌謠選」No.72(1919.2.5),collected by 李四杰, with a change＞一朝飛到雲端去→一朝飛到雲間去＞. An article about these rhymes was seen in 歌1-58(1924.6.8) titled「讀書人之妻的婚姻觀」by 黃樸. A variation was cited in there and commented "小婆娘，妾也". cf. search also "嫁郎愛嫁讀書郎". ／＝●陳183-196.]
(204) O GOD OF THE HEARTH!
O God of the hearth! whose surname is Chang. Here is a bowl of water with three incense-sticks. This year I am living very miserably next year you will eat the Manchurian sugar.
[* cited from Ｖ164-212.／＝陳184-197.]
(205) EVERY YEAR THERE IS THE FESTIVAL OF THE 3RD DAY OF THE 3RD MOON
Every year there is the festival of the 3rd day of the third moon it is the birthday of the Royal Mother. All the spirits in the grottoes come to assist the ceremony the flat peaches and good wine can make the spirits assembles.
[* cited from Ｖ166-215.／＝陳185-196.]
(206) THIS FAT BOY OF MINE REALLY AMUSES PEOPLE
This fat boy of mine really amuses people! You really make people die of love! This fat boy of mine, how big he is! Whose beloved child are you? Who wants to buy a beauty! Who wants to buy a beauty! When bought and taken home he may be employed in looking after the house. Never mind whether there are other people or not, it will be quite useless to shut the door with a key.
[* cited from Ｖ157-204.／＝陳186-199.]
(207) ON A VERY HIGH MOUNTAIN THERE IS AN OX
On a very high mountain there is an ox, which has four hoofs and eight toes his tail is grown under his rump, and his head is placed on his neck!
[* cited from Ｖ158-205.／＝陳187-200.]
(208) OTHERS GO TO MARKET AND I ALSO GO TO MARKET
Others go to market and I also go to market. Others ride on horses and I ride on a donkey. Turning my head I see a man who is pushing a wheel-barrow. I am not good enough to be compared with the former but I am better than the latter.
[* cited from 劉復「謌謠選」No.38(1918.10.8) collected by 李光宇, currented in 固安.／＝陳188-201.]
(209) THE PRESENT CANNOT BE CONSIDERED A BAD TIME
The present cannot be considered a bad time. To two four add one five. When red lanterns illuminate the whole sky, then comes the wort time!
[* cited from 劉復「謌謠選」No.41(1918.10.12) with a change＞那時才叫苦→那時才算苦＞. The original correspondent interpreted "二四" as "八旗", and "一五" as "五色旗", but the editor of its article said it's only one of the nonsence counting-out rhymes. A variation was also cited in『陽原縣志』(1935) "這時不算苦，二四加一五，滿街紅燈照，那時纔算苦." See also 平194-102 "二四加一五…." ]
(210) HWRE IS THE FIRST DISCHARGE OF CRACKERS
Here is the first discharge of crackers and the shop begins to receive customers. On both sides is exhibited God of Wealth, and in the middle sits "the young man who attracts wealth." There are also the Genius of Happiness, the Genius of Long Life and Lui-hair who is originally a genius from the sea. First let him shower gold, secondly let him shower silver, thirdly let him give you as many horses and mules as would make herds of them, fourthly let him grant you the golden tree, fifthly let him grant you the Treasure Casket, five sons all of whom shall pass the examinations and a sixfold happiness.
[* cited from Ｖ162-209.／＝陳189-202.]
(211) HEAVEN IS IMPERIAL
Heaven is imperial! The Earth is imperial! I have at home a young gentleman who weeps during the night. Let all the gentlemen who go by read these words three times, and all the family will sleep till broad daylight.
[* cited from Ｖ163-211.／＝陳190-203.]
(212) THE AUTUMN HAS SET IN
The autumn has set in, the autumn has set in. On the fifteenth of the eighth month the moon illuminates the palaces crows and other birds are silent and men and houses are resting. I have seen two watchmen who went round taking the watch-tally. Here, with only one wick in the lamp, I am sorry it is dark but I am afraid to consume too much oil burning two wicks. I intend buying a candle of mutton-tallow, but, alas! I have not a single cash in the hand.
[* cited from Ｖ024-040.／＝陳191-204.]
(213) THE SMALL FIVE
The small Five, and the small Six have a piece of white sugar, and a parcel of beans. The small Five likes to go high up, and he climbs up to the tip of the branch of the willow tree. The tip of the willow branch is weak, and the small Five tumbles down and hurts himself so that he shows the white of his eyes. The small Six is really impertinent! he puts on a false beard and sings an act of an opera. When he has finished singing the opera, he drinks hot broth the broth is not cool, and the small Six scalds himself so that the calls for his mother.
[* cited from Ｖ025-042 with some changes＞直淘氣→眞淘氣，唱出戲→唱齣戲，唱熱湯→喝熱湯＞. about the first case, I can't understand why it changed. for "出" and "齣",commonly used in this meanning. second case would be not so problem. and the third case had been errored in the source text.(in his translation he said the phrase as " he drinks hot broth ") so,it's regarded as a properlly revision.／＝●陳192-205.]
(214) GOAT'S DUNG
Goat's dung is crushed by the foot, you are my younger brother and I am your first brother. Go and buy a bottle of wine we will both drink it. When I am drunk, I will beat my wife and then with flute-players and drummers I will marry another.
[* cited from Ｖ083-118 with some change＞你是兄來我是哥→你是弟來我是哥，吹鼻兒打鼓再娶一個→吹鼻兒打鼓又娶一個＞ on the first case, there had been collected , which had either phrase. further they were said as "你是兄弟我是哥" or "你是弟弟我是哥"etc. on the second case, I have not known a variation which have such a phrase. many of them used "再". ／＝●陳193-206.]
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